A young, Subhas Chandra Bose was elected the president of Congress Party much against the wishes of MK Gandhi, who conceded that it is 'his personal defeat'. Bose, disillusioned with the slow(peaceful) process of Congress party quit the party. He propounded a thesis that Indians should exploit the War to dislodge Britain from India by...
A young, Subhas Chandra Bose was elected the president of Congress Party much against the wishes of MK Gandhi, who conceded that it is 'his personal defeat'. Bose, disillusioned with the slow(peaceful) process of Congress party quit the party. He propounded a thesis that Indians should exploit the War to dislodge Britain from India by aligning with the Axis powers. He wanted an Axis win over Britain. Bulk of Congress who had no such hatred for British rule & who believed that it can be brought about by the process under way & didn't approve of the undemocratic militaristic/fascist/Nazi methods of Axis powers stuck to the Allies on this point. Bose escaped to Kabul by hoodwinking the British intelligence, growing a beard. From there he reached Berlin & met Hitler, for whom any stick is good enough to beat the British (Allies) with. He conveyed him to Japan in a German submarine where Bose was made an accomplice (quisling).
When the Allied forces surrendered to Imperial Japanese forces (under Gen. Arthur Percival) at Singapore, the Indian PoWs formed the bulk. Shah Nawaz Khan among them organised them into a rebel force to collaborate with Japan . Just then Bose reached them under the tutelage of Japanese generals & raised, Azad Hind Fauz (Indian National Army). He was so ambitious that he saw India winning already. They captured Andamans & Nicobar (groups of) Islands in the Bay of Bengal. The 'liberated' islands were named 'Swaraj' (independence) & 'Shahid' (martyr) islands .This force(INA) along with the Japanese troops captured Burma totally. Then they marched on to India. They attacked from India's NE at Kohima (now capital of Nagaland state). In spite of bitterly fought battles, Britain was able to defend (of course with the ally US's help). In the whole War, India came out without a scratch even, but for this incident. Soon the tide turned & the Japanese were beaten back along with INA, who were taken prisoners. End of the story.
Bose remained in Japan for a while & was on a plane journey to Formosa (Taiwan now) that was in Japanese possession. But the plane crashed hitting a mountain peak in Formosa & Bose was said to be killed. But zealots in India (in millions who deify Bose) believe that he escaped, to live incognito. The captured INA soldiers were tried in a court in Bombay, by the British government, probably to end in sentence of death. The best legal brains in India (90% of Congress party were lawyers, many of whom were Bar-at-Laws) worked hard to save them. A naval mutiny (first of its kind after 1857 Sepoy Mutiny) was also there that made the British position untenable. And after the War, contemplating giving independence to India they wanted no sour note to creep in, when they exit India. Later the INA troops were rehabilitated. One can see now a big bazaar, 'INA market' in New Delhi, on land gifted by Indian government. Though it was a foot-note only in the freedom movement in India, it also shows how desperate the general Indian public was, testing the patience of MK Gandhi & his meticulously drafted program. It is to be expected that Indian people came to rally round INA (irrespective of the political differences) in its need of hour. Even now, Bose in his military regalia. adorns the first place in the (wall) photos of Indian houses- as the foremost patriot.
2 months ago