Anonymous
Anonymous asked in HealthDiseases & ConditionsHeart Diseases · 1 decade ago

what is hepatomegaly?

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best answer

    Respondents have written thesis on hepatomegaly!!!!!!!!!!!!

    Hepar= Liver, Mega= Big (Latin), meaning an enlarged liver (more than normal size).

    Source(s): I am a Dr.
  • 1 decade ago

    Hepatomegaly is the condition of having an enlarged liver. It is a nonspecific medical sign having many causes, which can broadly be broken down into infection, direct toxicity, hepatic tumours, or metabolic disorder. Often, hepatomegaly will present as an abdominal mass. Depending on the cause, it may sometimes present along with jaundice.

    Common Causes:-

    ] Infective

    Glandular fever (Infectious mononucleosis) This is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).

    Hepatitis (Although not all hepatitis viruses cause hepatomegaly)

    Liver abscess

    Malaria

    Amoeba infections

    Hydatid cyst

    Leptospirosis

    Actinomycosis

    ] Neoplastic

    Hemangiomas

    Hepatocellular carcinoma

    Myeloma

    Leukaemia

    Lymphoma

    Cirrhotic

    Portal

    Biliary

    Cardiac

    Haemochromatosis

    ] Metabolic

    Fatty infiltration

    Amyloidosis

    Gaucher's disease

    [ Drugs and Toxins

    alcoholism

    poisoning

    drugs

    Congenital

    Hemolytic anemia

    Riedel's lobe

    Polycystic disease

    Others

    Hunter syndrome

    Zellweger's syndrome

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency

    Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Abnormal enlargement of the liver..Also called megalohepatia

    Hepatomegaly is the condition of having an enlarged liver. It is a nonspecific medical sign having many causes, which can broadly be broken down into infection, direct toxicity, hepatic tumours, or metabolic disorder. Often, hepatomegaly will present as an abdominal mass. Depending on the cause, it may sometimes present along with jaundice.

    Diagnosis

    After a thorough medical history and physical examination, blood tests should be drawn. An important series of blood tests are the liver function tests, which give a good impression of the patient's broad metabolic picture.

    An ultrasound of the liver can reliably detect a dilated biliary duct system, which helps distinguish parenchymal liver disease from extrahepatic bile duct obstruction. Ultrasound can also detect the characteristic texture of a cirrhotic liver, and can guide fine needle aspiration of cysts, abscesses and tumours.

    Computed tomography (CT) can help obtain more accurate anatomical information, and is unaffected by the obesity or the presence of bowel gases.

    Common Causes

    This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup.

    Please improve the article, or discuss the issue on the talk page.

    Infective

    Glandular fever (Mononucleosis)

    Hepatitis

    Liver abscess

    Malaria

    Amoeba infections

    Hydatid cyst

    Leptospirosis

    Actinomycosis

    Neoplastic

    Hemangiomas

    Hepatocellular carcinoma

    Myeloma

    Leukaemia

    Lymphoma

    Cirrhotic

    Portal

    Biliary

    Cardiac

    Haemochromatosis

    Metabolic

    Fatty infiltration

    Amyloidosis

    Gaucher's disease

    Drugs and Toxins

    alcoholism

    poisoning

    drugs

    Congenital

    Hemolytic anemia

    Riedel's lobe

    Polycystic disease

    Others

    Hunter syndrome

    Zellweger's syndrome

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency

    Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    1. Hepatomegaly is the condition of having an enlarged liver. It is a nonspecific medical sign having many causes, which can broadly be broken down into infection, direct toxicity, hepatic tumours, or metabolic disorder. Often, hepatomegaly will present as an abdominal mass. Depending on the cause, it may sometimes present along with jaundice.

    2 Common Causes

    2.1 Infective

    2.2 Neoplastic

    2.3 Cirrhotic

    2.4 Metabolic

    2.5 Drugs and Toxins

    2.6 Congenital

    2.7 Others

    3. Diagnosis

    After a thorough medical history and physical examination, blood tests should be drawn. An important series of blood tests are the liver function tests, which give a good impression of the patient's broad metabolic picture.

    An ultrasound of the liver can reliably detect a dilated biliary duct system, which helps distinguish parenchymal liver disease from extrahepatic bile duct obstruction. Ultrasound can also detect the characteristic texture of a cirrhotic liver, and can guide fine needle aspiration of cysts, abscesses and tumours.

    Computed tomography (CT) can help obtain more accurate anatomical information, and is unaffected by the obesity or the presence of bowel gases.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Hepatomegaly is the enlargement of the liver beyond its normal size. Hepatosplenomegaly is enlargement of both the liver and the spleen. It is a nonspecific medical sign having many causes, which can broadly be broken down into infection, direct toxicity, hepatic tumours, or metabolic disorder. Often, hepatomegaly will present as an abdominal mass. Depending on the cause, it may sometimes present along with jaundice.

    It suggests acute hepatitis, fatty liver, alcoholic liver disease, passive venous congestion, liver hemorrhage (into a cyst or the parenchyma), metastatic cancer, or biliary obstruction. Palpable lumps suggest cancer. In cirrhosis, the liver is firm, irregularly shaped, and with blunt edges; individual nodules are rarely palpable.

    Please see the web pages for more details on Hepatomegaly.

  • 1 decade ago

    Hepatomegaly simply means an enlarged liver. period. There are a lot of conditions that can lead to hepatomegaly.

  • 1 decade ago

    Enlarged Liver

  • 1 decade ago

    Enlarged Liver

  • 3 years ago

    What Is Hepatomegaly

  • 1 decade ago

    Hepato is relating to liver, megaly means large. When liver becomes 3times larger than its usuall size it will become palpable below the ribs this condition is known as hepatomegaly.

    There are so many causes of hepatomagaly some are due to pathology of liver tissue itself some are secondary due to congestion of liver in right ventricular failure which may be tender or non tender.

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