# What is PID control?

What is PID control?

### 5 Answers

- Divya KLv 41 decade agoFavourite answer
PID can be described as a set of rules with which precise regulation of a closed-loop control system is obtained. Closed loop control means a method in which a real-time measurement of the process being controlled is constantly fed back to the controlling device to ensure that the value which is desired is, in fact, being realized. The mission of the controlling device is to make the measured value, usually known as the PROCESS VARIABLE, equal to the desired value, usually known as the SETPOINT. The very best way of accomplishing this task is with the use of the control algorithm we know as PID.

In its basic form, PID involves three mathematical control functions working together: Proportional-Integral-Derivative. The most important of these, Proportional Control, determines the magnitude of the difference between the SETPOINT and the PROCESS VARIABLE (known as ERROR), and then applies appropriate proportional changes to the CONTROL VARIABLE to eliminate ERROR. Many control systems will, in fact, work quite well with only Proportional Control. Integral Control examines the offset of SETPOINT and the PROCESS VARIABLE over time and corrects it when and if necessary. Derivative Control monitors the rate of change of the PROCESS VARIABLE and consequently makes changes to the OUTPUT VARIABLE to accomodate unusual changes.

Each of the three control functions is governed by a user-defined parameter. These parameters vary immensely from one control system to another, and, as such, need to be adjusted to optimize the precision of control. The process of determining the values of these parameters is known as PID Tuning.

PID Tuning, although considered "black magic" by many, really is, of course, always a well-defined technical process. There are several different methods of PID Tuning available, any of which will tune any system. Certain PID Tuning methods require more equipment than others, but usually result in more accurate results with less effort.

- 5 years ago
A proportional-integral-derivative controller (PID controller) is a control loop feedback mechanism (controller) commonly used in industrial control systems. A PID controller continuously calculates an "error value" as the difference between a measured process variable and a desired setpoint. PID is a way of controlloing different componenets especially thermal systems.PID comes under closed loop control system.In closed loop control system there are five way or modes of operation they are:

1.propotional mode.

2.Two step mode.

3.Differential mode.

4.Integral mode.

5.Combinational mode.

PID IS STILL A PUZZLE FOR MEDICAL COMMUNITY, AND FUYAN PILL OR ANTIBIOTICS ARE OFTEN USED TO CURE IT.

- 1 decade ago
PID is a way of controlloing different componenets especially thermal systems.PID comes under closed loop control system.In closed loop control system there are five way or modes of operation they are:

1.propotional mode.

2.Two step mode.

3.Differential mode.

4.Integral mode.

5.Combinational mode.

In the above said modes PID can be classifed under Combinational mode.

In combinational mode one are more modes

Various modes in Combinational modes are:

1.PI.

2.PD.

3.PID.

PID - Proportional Integral Differential control.

In PID control the output would be proportional,intergral,differential form of the input..

- lareLv 71 decade ago
if you are talking about a TV set, the PID tell the set where to turn to find the DTV program for the analog TV channel you want to watch. most people are totally unaware that DTV is tuned to a different channel, usually in the UHF band than there favorite VHF band analog station. The TV set uses PID to find the DTV channel when the user selects the old analog channel number.

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- 1 decade ago
p-proportional constant used to improve the steady state error(err)

i-intergrator to improve the transient response

d-diff. to improve the stability.