what is written Inside RIG VEDA,YAJUR VEDA,SAM VEDA and Atharva Veda? intelligent Hindus help me please?
answer every veda seprately
1 rig veda
explain what is written
2 sam veda
explain what is written
in this way,explain what is all 4 veda are about seprately
and does upnishad are parts of all 4 veda
help me hindu brothers
jai sri krishna
- 1 decade agoBest answer
1) English translation on Vedas see:
While the learner of a Veda-sakha is initiated by the preceptor beginning with Samhita, he is taught the method of chanting in Pada and later in Krama. For Rigveda, Yajurveda, etc, it takes about 10 years for a learner of Veda to arrive at the level of Krama-pati, the one that has learnt the way of chanting the Veda-sakha in the way of Krama or Krama-patha. Past the stage of Krama-patha, the learner is, if he so desires, to take the ways of Jata and Ghana to arrive at the level of Ghana-pati, the one that has learnt the way of chanting the Veda-sakha in the way of Ghana or Ghana-patha. This normally takes between three to five years for a brilliant learner who has very high level of memory.
Each mantra is chanted in various patterns and combinations known as Vaakya, Pada, Krama, Jata, Maala, Sikha, Rekha, Dhwaja, Danda, Ratha, Ghana, etc.
In Jata Paatha, the first word and the second are first recited together and then the words are recited in a reverse order and then again in the original order. the order will be 1-2-2-1-1-2, 2-3-3-2-2-3, 3-4-4-3-3-4, 4-5-5-4-4-5 and so on.
In the Krama Paatha type of recitation the order of words is 1-2 ; 2-3 ; 3-4 ; 4-5 and so on.
Just as two words are repeated forwards and backwards in the Jata Paatha, in the Sikha Paatha three words to be so linked.
In Ghana Paatha, which is the most enchanting to listen, the chanting will be:
1-2-2-1-1-2-3-3-2-1-1-2-3 2-3-3-2-2-3-4-4-3-2-2-3-4 3-4-4-3-3-4-5-5-4-3-3-4-5
Chanted in Ghana Paatham style as above, Rig Veda may take over 450 hours to chant!!
For MP3 audio files ( all Vedas) visit:
2) The Vedic literature comprises of something like a four by four matrix. There are four Vedas, the Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva. Each veda comprises of four sections:
A) The Samhita (collection): a collections of hymns (suktas and mantras)
B)The Brahmanas: a manual of the rituals of the Vedic fire sacrifice along with the meaning of these rituals.
C) The Aranyakas (‘books’ of the forest): These texts mark a transition from the ritualism of the Samhita and the Brahmanas to the speculative philosophy and spiritualism of the Upanishads. So many Aranyakas form the concluding sections of the Brahmanas, while some Aranyakas have the Upanishads appended to them or embedded in them. These scriptures are esoteric in nature, and they emphasise the the true mystique of the Yajna (sacrifice rituals), by glorifying the inner mental sacrifice as against the external material one. Hence, these texts were traditionally restricted for study and contemplation in the forest (aranya); hence the name aranyaka.
D) The Upanishads (to sit beside): The Upanishads represent the esoteric knowledge imparted by the teacher (guru) to his disciple/ pupil who ‘sits beside’ him; hence the name Upanishad. The importance of the Upanishads as the core spiritual wisdom of India cannot be over-emphasized. The Upanishads are concerned with the contemplative-realisational aspects of spiritual life, as against the ritual aspect as described in the samhitas and the brahmanas. There are 200 Upanishads are listed now. Usually, 13 Upanishads are regarded as the principal Upanishads, and are connected with one Vedic rescension / branch or another. The principal Upanishads were composed between 1000 BCE to 300 BCE.
The Upanishads represent the high watermark of Vedic thought, but many aspects of their teachings were too subtle to be adequately comprehended by ordinary people. They demanded a high intellectual level, strict spiritual discipline and a degree of Vedic education.
3) Usually when the word ‘Veda’ is used, it refers to the entire body of Vedic literarure. However, when the name of a specific Veda is used it generally refers to the samhita of that Veda. Thus the term Rig Veda usually means the Rik Samhita or the Rig Veda Samhita. The term ‘Four Vedas’ often signifies the four samhitas. These are the oldest religious scripture of Hinduism and span almost a millennium from 1800 BCE to almost 1000-900 BCE. The four samhitas are:
A) Rig Veda: comprising sacred songs and hymns (mantras, suktas) praising the Vedic deities is the oldest of the Samhitas. It is estimated that the Rig Veda was composed between 1800 BCE to 1200 BCE. It has 1028 suktas (hymns) and 10,600 verses in all, arranged in 10 books called mandalas. The hymns are dedicated to Rigvedic deities. Many of these books are named after the Rishis descended from the seer who ‘heard’ the hymns. The suktas of the Rig Veda in praising the exploits and achievements of the vedic deities present their mythology. However, some suktas serve as an indication of future developments in Vedic thought along two different lines, ritualism and philosophical speculation.
B) Yajur Veda like the Sama Veda is also ritualistic in character and is in many ways the first regular textbook of Vedic ritual as a whole. It mainly deals with the duties of the ‘adhvaryu’ the chief who officiates over the rites of the Yadyna / Yajna. (The name of the veda Yajur and the Yajna derive from the same root word Yaj). There are two main branches or rescencions of the Yajur Veda, the Krishna or Black Yajur Veda and the Shukla or White Yajur Veda. These rescensions are not different so much in content as in arrangement. In the Black Yajur Veda, the mantras or hymns (mostly derived from the Rig Veda), the Yajus, sacrificial formulae in prose, and the ritualistic explanation (known as the Brahmana) are mined together.
C) Sama Veda: consisting of melodies and chants used by the priests, during the fire-sacrifices 'yagna’. Most of the 1549 mantras in this samhita are taken from the Rig Veda, particularly the 8th and 9th books (mandalas). These hymns are re-arranged for liturgical purposes in forms that can be used as ‘samans’ (chants) during the yagna. Using the Sama Veda hymns as basis the actual chants of the recorded in the ‘ganas’ collections of songs.
D) Atharva Veda: a very heterogeneous collection of mantras. Unlike the Sama Veda and the Yajur Veda which mostly repeat the hymns of the Rig Veda, the Atharva Veda is an independent set of mantras that concerns itself with the everyday life of the Vedic people and is usually considered the Veda of magic. The Atharva Veda hymns are very diverse in character, they have charms to counteract diseases and ward of evil spirits, descriptions of medicinal herbs, prayers for health, wealth, happiness and longevity, love spells, chants that help kings accomplish various royal tasks, black magic and counter black magic, and perhaps most surprisingly, philosophical speculations.
4) As described above, each samhita has its associated brahmana, aranyaka, and upanishad as below:.
A) Rig Veda:
Samhita (Rescensions): Rk
Brahmana: Kaushitaki, Aitareya
B1) Krishna Yajur Veda:
Samhita: Taittiriya, Kathaka, Maitrayaniya
Brahmana: Taittiriya, Katha
Aranyaka: Taittiriya, Katha
Upanishad: Taittiriya, Katha, Svetaswatara, Maitri
The Taittiriya Samhita— (TS):This shakha is most prevalent in south India. This consists of 8 books or kaandas, subdivided in chapters or prapathakas, further subdivided into individual hymns. Some individual hymns in this Samhita have gained particular importance in Hinduism; e.g. TS 4.5 and TS 4.7 constitute the Shri Rudram Chamakam, while 1.8.6.i is the Shaivaite Tryambakam mantra.
The Taittiriya Brahmana ishaving three kaandas. Part of kathaka shakha brahmana is also included in this shakha.
The Taittiriya Aranyaka is having seven prashnas.
The Taittiriya Upanishad is having three prashnas or vallis - Sheeksha valli, Ananda valli and Bhrigu valli. The Taittiriya Upanishad and Mahanarayana Upanishad are considered to be the seventh, eighth, ninth and tenth prashnas of the Taittiriya Aaranyaka. The words prapaathaka and kaanda (meaning sections) are interchangeably used in the Vedic literature. Prashna and valli refer to sections of the Aaranyaka.
B2) Shukla Yajur Veda:
Upanishad: Isa, Brihadaranyaka
The Shatapatha Brahmana (शतपथ ब्राह्मण śatapatha brahmana, "Brahmana of one-hundred paths", abbreviated ŚB) is one of the prose texts describing the Vedic ritual, associated with the Shukla Yajurveda. It survives in two recensions, Madhyandina (ŚBM, of the vajasaneyi madhyandina sakha) and Kanva (ŚBK, of the kanva sakha), with the former having the eponymous 100 brahmanas in 14 books, and the latter 104 brahmanas in 17 books. Linguistically, it belongs to the Brahmana period of Vedic Sanskrit, dated to the first half of the 1st millennium BCE (Iron Age India).
Among the points of interest are the mythological sections embedded in it, including myths of creation and the Deluge of Manu. The text describes in great detail the preparation of altars, ceremonial objects, ritual recitations, and the Soma libation, along with the symbolic attributes of every aspect of the rituals.
The 14 books of the Madhyandina recension can be divided into two major parts. The first 9 books have close textual commentaries, often line by line, of the first 18 books of the corresponding samhita of the Yajurveda. The following 5 books cover supplementary and ritualistically newer material, besides including the celebrated Brhadaranyaka Upanishad as most of the 14th and last book.
C) Sama Veda:
Brahmana: Tandya, Jaiminiya, Talavakara
Upanishad: Chandogya, Kena
D) Atharva Veda:
Upanishad: Prashna, Mundaka, MandukyaSource(s): http://www.vedamu.org/VirtualUniversity/virtualuni... http://dharmaraja.blogspot.com/2007/05/on-revelati... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vedas http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shakha http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taittiriya_Brahmana http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shatapatha_Brahmana http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/index.htm http://www.astrojyoti.com/yajurvedamp3.htm
- priyankjiLv 41 decade ago
Jai Shri Krishna..
Yes, Upnishads are simplified form of all Vedas.
4 Ved - are the Phisiology, Science, Spirituality, Sociology
all in its full context covering everything about these topics, answering every question. But understanding such great level is tough, so try Upnishads 1st.Source(s): www.samajsevasamiti.blogspot.com
- 5 years ago
Man, What is written in Vedas and all Sanskritan literature is this: Sanskritans came, they fought, they destroyed the forts of the enemies, they were haters of the languages of their enemies and their enemies were people who were "riteless". After becoming victorious in the battles, they said that the society is to be split into 4 groups and the last group had no rights. They said that the last group should not even learn. They instituted laws such that the first group will be punished only about 1/4 of the amount of the fourth group. In short, these Sanskritan literature is nothing but Apartheid manual under which the 4th class are exploited for 4000 years or far higher. These are books no one can be proud of. These are books of hate and crimes against humanity.
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- 1 decade ago
None of the vedas talked about caste. There is no Brahmin or Sutras in vedas.
- 1 decade ago
What you have aked for can not be explained here in YA as it takes hundreds of pages to give a gist of what you wanted.
but i appreciate your interest to know.
So please kindly visit the site www.urday.com
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God Bless you.
- 5 years ago
- GauraLv 71 decade ago
1) Sambandha- Relationship between the spirit soul, atma with paramatma or supreme personality of godhead, the material world etc...
2) Abhidheya - Practice various processes, like Sravanam, Kirtanam, Sravanam etc... to awaken one's relationship with God
3) Prayajona - Attain pure love for God.