I want to find the methods of chanting the vedas?

of how to chant using the different methods,beginning with Samhita,Pada and so on.

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best answer

    It seems that you want to find the methods of chanting the vedas.

    1) The Veda mantras, which are for universal benefit, have been preserved by the ancients, without resorting to writing, by such methods of recitation. It must be remembered that, while chanting words backwards and forwards, the swaras of each have to be properly preserved and the student learns how the combination of words affect the swaras.

    While the learner of a Veda-sakha is initiated by the preceptor beginning with Samhita, he is taught the method of chanting in Patha and later in Krama. For Rigveda, Yajurveda, etc, it takes about 10 years for a learner of any Veda to arrive at the level of Krama-pati, the one that has learnt the way of chanting the Veda-sakha in the way of Krama or Krama-patha.

    Past the stage of Krama-patha, the learner is, if he so desires, to take the ways of Jata and Ghana to arrive at the level of Ghana-pati, the one that has learnt the way of chanting the Veda-sakha in the way of Ghana or Ghana-patha. This normally takes between three to five years for a brilliant learner who has very high level of memory.

    2) Prakrithi and Vikrithi Pathas:

    The Samhita Patha and Pada Patha are called Prakrithi ( or natural ) Pathas, as the words of the mantras occur in normal sequence. The rest are called Vikrithi ( or artificial and not natural ) Pathas. In Krama, although the words do not occur in the natural order of one, two and three, since they do not revert like one after two and two after three, it cannot be called fully Vikrithi or artificial. The Vikrithis are eight in number:

    "Jataa maalaa sikha rekha dhwajo dando ratho Ghanah

    Ityashta vikritayah proktah kramapoorva maharshibhih"

    The above system of complicated recitation was devised in very early times in order to preserve the purity of the word, sound, intonation, pronunciation, accent and sound

    combination of the Vedas. By repeating the words in manifold ways, the correct tally of the words was also kept which naturally ensured the purity of the texts. To enable

    the scholars to take up the difficult methods of recitation, it was even laid down that the more difficult methods of chanting earned the chanter more punya or merit.

    That is any Vedic scholar can chant each mantra in various patterns and combinations as Vaakya, Pada, Krama, Jata, Maala, Sikha, Rekha, Dhwaja, Danda, Ratha, Ghana, etc.

    3) (i) Samhita Patha:

    Vaakya Patha or Samhita Patha is to recite the mantras in a sentence straight. When mantras come in sentences, some of the words therein have to be conjoined in chanting.

    (ii) Pada Patha:

    To recite the Veda mantras, pada by pada or word by word, instead of joining the words and stringing them together is Pada Patha. Pada Patha occurs after Samhita patha. In Pada Patha the sentence is broken down to "words" or pada. This gives the student of the Vedas the knowledge of each word in a sentence.

    (iii) Krama Patha:

    In Krama Patha, the first word of the mantra is added to the second, the second to the third, the third to the fourth and so on, until the whole sentence of the mantras is completed. This patha or method of recitation helps the student understand not only the individual words but also how two words can be combined in recitation and what modification occurs in swara in such a combination.

    In the Krama Patha type of recitation the order of words is 1-2 ; 2-3 ; 3-4 ; 4-5 and so on.

    (iv) Jata Patha:

    In Jata Patha, the first word and the second are first recited together and then the words are recited in a reverse order and then again in the original order. the order will be 1-2-2-1-1-2, 2-3-3-2-2-3, 3-4-4-3-3-4, 4-5-5-4-4-5 and so on.

    (v) Sikha Patha:

    Just as two words are repeated forwards and backwards in the Jata Patha, in the Sikha Patha three words to be so linked.

    (vi) Ghana Patha:

    In Ghana Patha, which is the most enchanting to listen, the chanting will be:

    1-2-2-1-1-2-3-3-2-1-1-2-3 2-3-3-2-2-3-4-4-3-2-2-3-4 3-4-4-3-3-4-5-5-4-3-3-4-5

    4) Example:

    (i) Vaakya Patha or Samhita Patha:

    esham purushanam-esham pasunam ma bher-ma ro-mo esham kincanamamat //

    (ii) Pada Patha:

    esham/ purushanam/ esham/ pasunam/ ma/ bheh/ ma/ arah/ mo-iti-mo/ esham/ kim/ chana/ amamat/ aamamad-ity-amamat /

    (iii) Ghana Patha:

    esham-purushanam-purushanam-esham- esham purushanam-esham-esham purushanam-esham-esham purushanam-esham /

    purushanam-esham-esham purushanam purushanam-esham pasunam paaunam-esham purushanam purushanam-esham pasunam /

    esham pasunam pasunam-esham-esham pasunam-ma ma pasunam-esham-esham pasunam-ma /

    pasunmm-ma ma pasunam pasunam-ma bher-bher-ma pasunam pasunam-ma bheh /

    ma bher-bher-mama bher-mama bher-mama bher-ma /

    bher-mama bher-bher-maro aro ma bher-bherma arah /

    ma ro aro mama ro momo aro ma ma ro mo /

    aro mo mo aro aro mo esham-esham mo aro aro mo esham /

    mo esham-esham mo mo esham kim kim-esham-mo mo esham kim / mo iti mo/

    esham kimkim-eshamesham kim-cana cana kim-esham-esham kim-cana /

    kim cana cana kim kim canamamad-amamat cana kim kim canamamat /

    canamamad-amamac-cana canamamat /

    amamad-ityamamat /

    Chanted in Ghana Patham style as above, Rig Veda may take over 450 hours to chant!!

  • gay
    Lv 4
    3 years ago

    Yajur Veda Chanting

  • Diane
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    That is simple. A poet sing the poetry in a peculiar way. It is according to certain laws. There are Vritha, Alankara, Prasa, etc. to be obeyed in a poetry. When a musician sing ....sa, ri, ga, ma,... that is also according to some rules. Similarly, chanting of Vedas also has some rules. There are hraswa and deerha letters in each words. Guru will teach the students how to chant vedas. The student should practice it several times to understand the procedure.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    I am only making a suggestion because you are to decide what path you walk in this lifetime.

    Get "Liberation In The Palm of Your Hand" by: Pabongka Rinpoche.

    This 24 day ritual will prepare you for chanting.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Rajagopalan has given an excellent answer.

    However, all these mantras literally have little or no effect spiritually. This was confirmed by many great saints.

    What we need to know is, what these mantras convey for our spiritual upliftment. Without practicing what it says, it is absolutely NO USE to simply doing a parrot recital. My sincere advice.

  • ashish
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    find out a genuine Guru not a fake one

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