WHY DID GANDHIJI SUPPORT THE KHILAFAT MOVEMENT? WAS THIS HIS REWARD?
The Khilafat Movement (KM was aimed at restoring back to power the Sultan of Turkey who had lost power. IT HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH INDIA OR INDIAN INDEPENDENCE. Gandhiji supported the KM and became a member of Central Khilafat Committee. The KM was led by the Ali brothers , Shaukat & Mohammad.
Note that the aim of the KM was to restore monarchy (sultan) in Turkey.
The Khilafatis & Gandhiji got a big shock however when the people of Turkey themselves threw out the sultan and established a secular, democratic govt. headed by Kamal Ataturk whom the Turks consider the father of their nation.
The failure of the KM made the MOPLAH MUSLIMS of KERALA very ANGRY. In protest, they DECLARED A MUSLIM GOVT. IN MALABAR & WENT ON A RAMPAGE, RAPING, KILLING & CONVERTING THOUSANDS OF HINDUS. At first Gandhiji denied there was any riots. “No Musalman, to my knowledge, has ever approved of compulsion." But a committee investigated the Moplah riots (this committee included both Hindus & Muslims - K P Keshava Menon, Secretary Kerala Provincial Committee, T V Mohammed, Secretary, Ernad Khilafat Committee, K Madhavan Nair, Secretary, Calicut District Congress Committee and K V Gopal Menon) reported that “ …
that atrocities committed by the Moplahs on the Hindus are unfortunately too true …
Brutal murder of inoffensive Hindus, men, women and children in cold blood without the slightest reason except that they are Kafirs.. Their wholesale conversion through threat of death." NOW GANDHIJI GAVE HIS VERDICT : “THE MOPLAH MUSLIMS ARE GOD-FEARING AND THEY ARE FIGHTING FOR WHAT THEY CONSIDER AS RELIGION AND IN A MANNER THEY CONSIDER AS RELIGIOUS” .
Now Gandhiji’s reward for supporting the KM: Mohammad Ali(one of the Ali brothers) commented on Gandhiji, “HOWEVER PURE MR. GANDHI'S CHARACTER MAY BE, HE MUST APPEAR TO BE FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF RELIGION , INFERIOR TO ANY MUSSALMAN, even though he be without character”. As everyone other than Gandhiji himself was shocked at this statement, Ali was asked later to confirm if that was actually his statement, he replied: “Yes! According to my religion and creed, I do hold an adulterous and a fallen gentleman to be better than Mr. Gandhi”.
MY FUN, my brother, it is not that old history that facts can be distorted. Many of this facts come from auto-biography of famous people like Ambedkar & also from Gandhiji's own letters & press releases. Most of this documents have survived. Gandhiji's comment on Moplah muslims were from an article written by Gandhiji himself in a newspaper called Young India. Young India and Harijan are publications promoted by Gandhiji himself.
I didnot realise what u said about Gujarat , Orissa etc. How does it relate to the topic?
Gandhiji's support of Khilafat was a political decision. ANY INDIAN HAS RIGHT TO TALK ABOUT IT & DISCUSS IT. I AM NOT TALKING ABOUT GANDHIJI'S PERSONAL LIFE.
WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF READING HISTORY OTHERWISE?
- 1 decade agoFavourite answer
The very act of appeasing Muslim fundamentalist by gandhi led the foundation of partition of India, for gandhi it was easy to mobilise Muslims on an emotional issue, which has no importance for the welfare of then Independent India Movement.
And our today so called secularist politicians are repeating the same mistake,by mobilising Muslims of India on Non as well as emotional issues Like satanic verses,tasleema nasreen, Bin laden, george bush etc. etc.
I fear that History would not be repeated again.
- ChristinaLv 44 years ago
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Gandhi viewed khilafat as the best opportunity to bring Indian Muslims to the for front of Indian freedom struggle. It was so important in the History of India because for the first time Muslims are also come up against the administration. Gandhi had no other option to integrate Muslims with the national cause. This struggle didn't make communalism in the country. But it was the feeling of being betrayed after Gandhi's immediate suspension of the non co-operation movement which was organised jointly organised with Khilafat movement after Choury Choura incident was the main cause behind that.
- 1 decade ago
In 1920 an alliance was made between Khilafat leaders and the Indian National Congress, the largest political party in India and of the nationalist movement. Congress leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the causes of Khilafat and Swaraj. Seeking to increase pressure on the British, the Khilafatists became a major part of the Non-cooperation movement — a nationwide campaign of mass, peaceful civil disobedience. The support of the Khilafatists helped Gandhi and the Congress ensure Hindu-Muslim unity during the struggle. Khilafat leaders such as Dr. Ansari, Maulana Azad and Hakim Ajmal Khan also grew personally close to Gandhi. These leaders founded the Jamia Millia Islamia in 1920 to promote independent education and social rejuvenation for Muslims
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- 1 decade ago
Another story that proves how much do fellow Indians can lie about Mahatma Gandhi or they are too ignorant about Mahatma Gandhi. I too have some url for reference. Actually have 100s but prefer to post some. To really talk about Gandhi, you have to understand Gandhi, and understanding Gandhi is not difficult.
At the begining of the Turkish war of independence, Muslim religious leaders feared for the caliphate, which the European powers were reluctant to protect. Ali and his brother Maulana Shaukat Ali joined with other Muslim leaders such as Sheikh Shaukat Ali Siddiqui, Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, Hasrat Mohani, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Dr. Hakim Ajmal Khan to form the All India Khilafat Committee. The organization was based in Lucknow, India at Hathe Shaukat Ali, the compound of Landlord Shaukat Ali Siddiqui. They aimed to build political unity amongst Muslims and use their influence to protect the caliphate. In 1920, they published the Khilafat Manifesto, which called upon the British to protect the caliphate and for Indian Muslims to unite and hold the British accountable for this purpose.
In 1920 an alliance was made between Khilafat leaders and the Indian National Congress, the largest political party in India and of the nationalist movement. Congress leader Mohandas Gandhi and the Khilafat leaders promised to work and fight together for the causes of Khilafat and Swaraj. Seeking to increase pressure on the British, the Khilafatists became a major part of the Non-cooperation movement — a nationwide campaign of mass, peaceful civil disobedience. The support of the Khilafatists helped Gandhi and the Congress ensure Hindu-Muslim unity during the struggle. Khilafat leaders such as Dr. Ansari, Maulana Azad and Hakim Ajmal Khan also grew personally close to Gandhi.
The non-cooperation campaign was at first successful. Massive protests, strikes and acts of civil disobedience spread across India. Hindus and Muslims collectively offered resistance, which was largely peaceful. Gandhi, the Ali brothers and others were imprisoned by the British. However, the Congress-Khilafat alliance began withering soon. The Khilafat campaign had been opposed by other political parties such as the Muslim League and the Hindu Mahasabha. While League politicians such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah dismissed the campaign as "religious frenzy," many Hindu religious and political leaders identified the Khilafat cause as Islamic fundamentalism based on a pan-Islamic agenda.
In 1920, some 18,000 Muslims from Sindh and the Northwest Frontier Province emigrated to Afghanistan on the urging of Muslim religious leaders. They saw India as a Dar al-Harb, a non-Islamic land inhabited mainly by Hindus and controlled by the British; they sought to temporarily live in a Dar al-Islam, which signified a Muslim-majority and rule of Islam. However, the Afghan government forcibly deported the refugees back to British India, leaving them weak and vulnerable.
In wake of these disturbances, the Ali brothers began distancing themselves from Gandhi and the Congress. The Ali brothers criticized Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and severed their ties with them after he suspended all civil disobedience after the killing of 22 policemen at Chauri Chaura in 1922. Although holding talks with the British and continuing their activities, the Khilafat struggle weakened as Muslims were divided between working for the Congress, the Khilafat cause and the Muslim League. The final blow came with the victory of Mustafa Kemal's forces, who overthrew the Ottoman rule to establish a pro-Western, secular republic in independent Turkey. The Khilafat leadership fragmented on different political lines. Leaders such as Dr. Ansari, Maulana Azad and Hakim Ajmal Khan remained strong supporters of Gandhi and the Congress. The Ali brothers joined the Muslim League. They would play a major role in the growth of the League's popular appeal and the subsequent Pakistan movement. There was, however, a Caliphate Conference in Jerusalem in 1931 following Turkey's abolition of the Khilafat, to determine what should be done about the caliphate.Source(s): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khilafat_Movement http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/K_0236.htm http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/316624/K... http://www.india9.com/i9show/Khilafat-Movement-652...
- MartaLv 44 years ago
Gandhi ways is good Gandhi ways give the freedom in Indian people and to many benefited Indian freedom struggle so Gandhi supported Khalid movement .
- 1 decade ago
Because KM Principle according to gandhiji.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Gandhi ji supported the Khilafat movement because he thought if he stood by the Indian Muslims and their concerns, then Muslims would appreciate it and will themselves reciprocate by sidelining their inherent exclusivity & intolerance of Hindus. That was a logical and honest thinking by Gandhi ji. Khilafat movement had nothing to do with India.
Then, we all know what happened - after a while the movement took a fundamentalist Jehadi turn and was violently re-directed first towards the local resident Britishers and then the Hindus, thousands of whom were either brutally killed or forcefully converted.
In his desire for superficial idealism and peace, Gandhi ji failed to understand the reality of things. He didn't pay attention to Islamic history in India and the fundamentalist aspects of the religion. Instead of being factual and realistic and being honest with Muslims, he chose to appease them, which only resulted in their continued ghetto-ization, fundamentalism and demanding even more amenities. And now, Congress, by following the same policies of ignorance and appeasement, is making things worse for the nation.
- mehtaap56Lv 71 decade ago
Gandhi's INC Co. feel honoured themselves even today by accepting the slaps of Ali brothers & Co.Actually I can't consider the Gandhi as Mahatma.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
What you mentioned is a story more than half a century old. The facts could be highly distorted in way to incite communal hatered.
Similar stories could be told by Muslims in Gujarat and Ayodhya and Christians in Orissa and Karnataka.
So let not people act as saints while they have lots of demons already possessing them.