A) Rig Veda, X.85.44.
Vivah Mantras, Surya's Bridal;
"अघोरचक्षुरपतिघ्न्येधि शिवा पशुभ्यः सुमनाःसुवर्चाः |
वीरसूर्देवकामा सयोना शं नो भव दविपदेशं चतुष्पदे ||"
'aghoracaksurapatighnyedhi siva pasubhyah sumanahsuvarcah |
virasurdevakama syona sam no bhava dhvipadhe sam chathushpadhe ||'
'O Bride ! May you NEVER look your husband with an EVIL EYE; never be hostile to him ; be tender to animals (siva pasubhya:) ; may you ever be amiable and cheeful ; may you fufill one of your roles as the mother of brave children , loving to the divine powers , be the grantor of happiness , and usher prosperity to our bipeds and quadrupeds ( dhvipadhe sam chathushpadhe )'
Remember Surya, the sun is the bridegroom! Any girl seeing Surya may cast an evil eye!
(Eye ointment is placed on brides eyes to prevent the evil eye)
B) During marriage, coconut is used to ward off the dhristi of young couple.
For new house warming up functions, pumpkin is used. The pumpkin is painted with a demon face on it. It is kept during constructinon of the house.
Reason for using pumpkin:
Pumpkin is easily available.
Pumpkin has a larger surface area to have a face picture.
Pumpkin can have stable condition for a long duration.
Pumpkin can be broken into pieces at ease.
During Sarawathi Pooja and house warming function, lemons are cut and with kumkum and these were thrown in all directions.
The word 'dhristi' (Evil Eye) traces its origin from Sanskrit and its literal meaning is 'sight'. In modern linguistics its usage signifies 'evil eye' or rather 'casting an evil-eye' Dhristi is not a concept borrowed from superstitions. Science explains it as the flow of negativity that affects the person or object towards which it is directed.
Origin of negativity/ negative energy:
Every thought form is associated with energy. Just as blessings and good thoughts have a positive aura about them, so also negative emotions harness harmful or negative energy.
Sources of these negative energies are, people who give way to:
Jealousy with Sense of discrimination/comparison - The feeling that other people are better than you, thereby leading to frustrations.
Spirit of vengeance/retaliation : People who curse spitefully seeing the prosperity of their rivals.These emotions may not manifest or surface out but their presence even at the subconscious level can be destructive.
Drishti results in:
2. Lack of interest
3. Sudden illness
4. Prolonged illness (without any reason).
The Vedic perspective:
The vedas have described four kinds of people
1. The Satpurushas: who help others without caring for their own well-being
2. The Samanyas: Who help others considering the position of the self
3. Manushya Rakshasas: who extract benefits by disturbing the welfare of other people.
4. People who harm others without any purpose
According to the vedas, people who belong to the last two categories(described above) are most likely to cast an evil eye.
D) Dhristi warding off:
And this is to ward off evil:- Light a piece of camphor in a betel leaf or a small plate. Keep it in a plate of arathi ( water mixed with chunnam-lime & turmeric or if lime is not available, use kumkum). Make the child or person(s) sit facing east or west. You stand in front holding this, make 3 clockwise circular motions first, then 3 anticlockwise circular motions next, then upward & downward 3 times, chanting the following shloka:
'Subrahmanyascha saenaani guha skandascha vaamanah
Mahaasaeno dvaadas(h)aaksha vis(h)vabuk ambikaa suthah
bhoothes(h)a paavakee s(h)reemaan vis(h)aaka s(h)ikivaahanah
kaankaeyacha gajaaroodaa s(h)athruhanthaa s(h)daaksharaa'
Nobody should utter a word, but be quiet. After this take the water & pour it outside the house on the road.
E) A Tamil Dhristi warding song used in our houses.
'அந்தி சந்தி உனக்கு அடைக்கலம்
காலை மாலை உனக்கு அடைக்கலம்
குஞ்சு குழந்தை உனக்கு அடைக்கலம்
கோதை பிராட்டி உனக்கு அடைக்கலம்
காரார் திருமேனி கண்ணீரும் வாராது
சீரார் திருவந்திக் காப்பு!
தாயார் திருஷ்டி தந்தையார் திருஷ்டி
ஊரார் திருஷ்டி உறவினர் திருஷ்டி
வைச்ச கண்ணு வெடுக்குணு போகணும்
தொட்ட கண்ணு தொடுக்குணு போகணும்!
'Morning and evening twilight God
Take care of children (and others)
O Goddess Lakshmi Take care
No untoward incident will happen
As Great Safety net is placed now
Mother’s Dhristi, Father’s Dhristi
Relative’s Dhristi, Other’s Dhristi
Evil eye placed be warded off at once
Evil eye implanted be warded off'