National Anthem - whose poem this national anthem jana gana mana and when this song was composed ?

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Nobel laureate Rabindranatha Tagore composed the National Anthem of India - Jana Gana Mana.
It was composed in December 1911 on the occasion of coronation of George V.
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  • Kandasamy answered 4 years ago
    rabindranath tagore - before the independance
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  • Abhishek answered 4 years ago
    Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. Written in highly Sanskritized (Tatsama) Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn composed and scored by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. Jana Gana Mana was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24, 1950.

    A formal rendition of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds. A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines (and taking about 20 seconds to play) is also staged occasionally. Tagore wrote down the English translation of the song and along with Margaret Cousins (an expert in European music and wife of Irish poet James Cousins), set down the notation which is followed till this day. It is of interest that another poem by Tagore (Amar Shonar Bangla) is the national anthem of Bangladesh.

    The text, though Bengali, is highly sanskritized (it is written in a literary register called Sadhu bhasa). As quasi-Sanskrit text, it is acceptable in many modern Indic languages, but the pronunciation varies considerably across India. This is primarily because most Indic languages are abugidas in that certain unmarked consonants are assumed to have an inherent vowel, but conventions for this differ among the languages of India.


    Jana gaṇa mana adhināyaka jaya he
    Bhārata bhāgya vidhātā
    Punjāba Sind Gujarāṭa Marāṭhā
    Drāviḍa Utkala Banga
    Vindhya Himāchala Yamunā Gangā
    Ucchala jaladhi taranga
    Tava śubha nāme jāge
    Tava śubha āśiṣa māge
    Gāhe tava jaya gāthā
    Jana gaṇa mangala dāyaka jaya he
    Bhārata bhāgya vidhāta
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he
    Jaya jaya jaya jaya he!

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  • Faith_hope answered 4 years ago
    Jana Gana Mana is a composition of Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Indian National Congress in 1911. Check out the following link for more details.

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  • DesiBoy .•*¨*`•.¸☆ answered 4 years ago
    Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. Written in highly Sanskritized (Tatsama) Bengali, it is the first of five stanzas of a Brahmo hymn composed and scored by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore. It was first sung at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress on 27 December 1911. Jana Gana Mana was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian national anthem on January 24, 1950.

    A formal rendition of the national anthem takes fifty-two seconds. A shortened version consisting of the first and last lines (and taking about 20 seconds to play) is also staged occasionally. Tagore wrote down the English translation of the song and along with Margaret Cousins (an expert in European music and wife of Irish poet James Cousins), set down the notation which is followed till this day. It is of interest that another poem by Tagore (Amar Shonar Bangla) is the national anthem of Bangladesh.

    The text, though Bengali, is highly sanskritized (it is written in a literary register called Sadhu bhasa). As quasi-Sanskrit text, it is acceptable in many modern Indic languages, but the pronunciation varies considerably across India. This is primarily because most Indic languages are abugidas in that certain unmarked consonants are assumed to have an inherent vowel, but conventions for this differ among the languages of India.


    Jana gaṇa mana adhināyaka jaya he
    Bhārata bhāgya vidhātā
    Punjāba Sind Gujarāṭa Marāṭhā
    Drāviḍa Utkala Banga
    Vindhya Himāchala Yamunā Gangā
    Ucchala jaladhi taranga
    Tava śubha nāme jāge
    Tava śubha āśiṣa māge
    Gāhe tava jaya gāthā
    Jana gaṇa mangala dāyaka jaya he
    Bhārata bhāgya vidhāta
    Jaya he jaya he jaya he
    Jaya jaya jaya jaya he!
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