The Dome of the Rock (Qubbat as-Sakhrah) is the most famous Islamic site in Jerusalem.It is impressive, beautiful edifice and can be seen from all over Jerusalem. It is the crowning glory of the Haram es-Sharif ("Noble Sanctuary"),
The Dome of the Rock is a mosque and also a shrine. It is built over a sacred stone. This stone is believed to be the place from which the Prophet Muhammad ascended into heaven during his Night Journey to heaven.
Jerusalem is an Arab city, in origin and evolution. It was established by the Canaanites who inhabited the city during the 3rd millennium B.C. A large number of the Arab Semites came to Jerusalem at the beginning of the 3rd millennium B.C and lives there for the first time and at the beginning of the 2nd millennium for the second time. For sure, When Hebrews came to Jerusalem in the 12th century B.C, Arabs were originally living there. The newcomers, i.e., the Hebrews adopted the Arab language and a lot of Canaanite names of Jerusalem. It was widely used at the beginning of 2nd millennium B.C., i.e. before the emergence of the Hebrews and their language. There is a consensus among scholars that the last part of the word " Salem or Chalme" is a name of Canaanite god, which means peace or safety, i.e." the god of peace" or "the god of safety", since the city was devoted to the worship of this god before the advent of the Hebrews.
The Dome of the Rock is the oldest Islamic monument that stands today and certainly one of the most beautiful. It also boasts the oldest surviving mihrab (niche indicating the direction of Mecca) in the world.
The sacred rock over which the Dome of the Rock is built was considered holy before the arrival of Islam. Jews believed, and still believe, the rock to be the very place where Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac. Muslims believe this story was created by Jews. In Islam Abraham prepared to sacrifice his older son Ishmael not Issac and the story of Sacrifice happened in Mecca not in Jerusalem.
During one night, Father Abraham (Ibrahim in Arabic) had a dream. He came to Father Ishmael (Ismail in Arabic) and said: "O my son ! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you as a sacrifice to Allah, so what do you think?" They both realized that this was an order from Allah. father Ismail said without hesitation: "Do what you are commanded, you shall find me very patient insha Allah." They had both submitted to the will of Allah. Ibrahim laid his son prostrate, put his forehead on the ground and directed a sharp knife towards his neck. At this very moment, Allah called him: "O Ibrahim! You have fulfilled the dream! Thus do We reward the good doers !" A big sheep was sent down from heaven to be slaughtered instead of Ismail, which Ibrahim did, and they both had a big celebration that day. This event is celebrated every year by all Muslims. It is Eid al-Adha where we slaughter the sacrificial sheep.
Ibrahim and Ismail kept on calling people to worship Allah. At that time there was no place built for the worship of Allah. Prophet Ibrahim wished there could be such a place where people would be in peace, and concentrate solely for the worship of Allah. His wish was answered when Allah ordered him to build the Sacred House, the Ka'bah. Ibrahim said to Ismail: "O Ismail, Allah has given me an order, will you help me execute it?" "Yes I will." Ismail said. "Allah has ordered me to build a house here." He said, pointing to a hillock higher than the land surrounding it. They went towards the place and started building the foundations of the Ka'bah Ismail brought the stones and Ibrahim built the walls, and when the walls became high, Ismail brought a large stone and put it in front of his father who stood over it and carried on building, while Ismail was handing him the stones. Both of them went on building and going around the Ka'bah, saying: "O our Lord accept this service from us." When they finished the building, Angel Gabriel (Jibreel in Arabic)descended from heaven and showed Ibrahim the rituals of Hajj. Then Ibrahim stepped on the stone and called on people: "O people obey your Lord." This large stone which Ibrahim stepped on is still there to this day near the Ka'bah. It is called Makam Ibrahim.
In Islam, both Ishmael and Issac considered as Prophet of Allah. Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him descended from Prophet Ishmael. A part of the faith of Muslims is to love and respect all prophets equally so you will never find a muslim insult Moses, Issac, Jesus, Solmon or other prophets peace be upon them.