Hinduism - Flowers - why the flowers are important for worship and poojas ?
This practice is also evident in the course of the wedding ceremony. Showering petals is also a form of blessing, as at the end of the ceremony, when all those present shower the Flowers bride and groom with petals. In the our country india, an important part of a woman's toilette is flowers in her hair.
Each deity is believed to have a favorite flower, which, if offered in worship, adds merit to the prayer. Usually, fragrant soft-petalled flowers are offered in worship. Red flowers are usually offered to female deities.
What are the flowers usually used for poojas and worships ?
- Veers தமிழ்Lv 710 years agoFavourite answer
The place of worship or honouring is to be pleasing. Pleasing atmosphere will be ensured only of all five senses are pleased. Flower, is good to see, spreads good fragrance, very soft to touch, the nectar given by flower pleases the tongue, and in this combination, if good slokas chanted by worshiping, it will be pleasing.
Hence flower is very important. This is my view.
On browsing net I found a link which reads as follows:
The Offering Of Floral Garlands to
Deities in Ritualistic Worship – Part 1
Hindus offer Flowers to to Gods/esses in the temple as part of a Ritualistic Worship. This is called ‘Pu-ja’ – Pu stands for ‘Pushpam’ or Flowers and Ja stands for Japa or chanting the Holy names of Gods/esseses. Ja also stands for ‘Jalam’ or Water as water is sipped during the Worship while chanting the Holy Names of Gods/esses. ( This is called Aachamanam)
What do Flowers represent in Hindu Worship? Flowers represent ‘Nature’ or Prakriti. The word Prakriti is made of three syllables – Pra , Kri, and Ti. In Devi Bhagavatam, Sri Narada describes Prakriti thus. “The prefix “Pra” in the word Prakiti means Exalted, Superior, Excellent; and the suffix “Kriti” denotes creation. So, the Goddess, Devi, Who is the most excellent in the work of creation is known as the Devî Prakriti.
“Pra” signifies the Sattva Guna, the most exalted quality, “Kri” denotes the Rajo Guna and “Ti” denotes the Tamo Guna. The Sattva Guna is considered as the Highest as it is perfectly clear and free from any impurities whatsoever; the Rajo Guna is considered intermediate as it has this defect – it spreads a veil over the reality of things, so as not to allow men to understand the True Reality, while the Tamo Guna is considered worst as it completely hides the Real Knowledge. Thus when we offer Flowers to the Deities , we are actually praying to Gods/esses to to eradicate our Tamo and Rajo gunas and bless us with Sattwa guna which is conducive to the “Flowering of Consciousness.”
Offering Flowers to Deities is an important part of Hindu Worship. Different Gods/esses love different Flowers. Traditionally, it is said that we should only offer those Flowers that have a pleasant Fragrance and are cultivated on good soil . Wild Flowers that spring up everywhere and those with thorns should be avoided. When we offer Flowers to Gods/esses, we are transmitting our Devotional ‘Bhava‘ or Emotion and are literally requesting God/esses to grant us Health, Wealth and Happines(both Material and Spiritual benefits.) Hence the expression ‘Yad Bhava , Tad Bhavet. ‘ It is the bhava of ‘Surrender’ and Faith. ( Sharanagati and Shradda)
- Anonymous5 years ago
In Hinduism, flowers constitute an important offering made to the deities. Flowers are used while doing puja at home, temples and at sacred places. In fact, rarely do we come across a puja in Hindu religion without flowers. The idol or image of the deity in temple and home is decorated with garlands of flowers and leaves. Flowers are also placed at the feet of deity and the idol is also showered with flowers. Details about the types of flowers that can be used for puja and the method in which they are to be used in puja and rituals are mentioned in the scriptures. Some flowers are associated by a particular deity; while a particular flower is never used due to a curse etc. Generally, flowers with strong odor are not used. Similarly, flowers without fragrance are also not used. Flowers that are not fully blossomed are not used. Mutilated and flowers eaten by insects are avoided. Flowers grown in a garden is considered apt for puja. Flowers collected from forest are also used. Flowers used in a Hindu puja are classified into Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. The classification is based on their color, fragrance, shape and origin. Sattva and Rajas flowers are used in daily worship. Tamas flowers are avoided and some are used during festivals. Flowers like Arka, Nandyavartham, drona, white lotus, jasmine, coral tree flowers etc are considered as Sattva flowers. The Rajas flowers include Red lotus, trumpet flowers, white thorn apple flowers etc. The Tamas flowers include ketaki, China rose, cotton plant, Kasa grass etc.
- Anonymous10 years ago
Hindus often offer fresh flowers to their deities as a symbol of love and devotion, and the presence of flowers is abundant in the portrayals of their numerous gods and goddesses. What Indians call the Hindu worship ritual, puja, literally means "the flower act," and it often calls to attention the high place Hinduism holds the lotus. Those practicing Hindu in India, and across the globe, acknowledge the lotus as absolute beauty, purity and prosperity and the symbol of eternal life.
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- 10 years ago
Many scholarly members have given elaborate and excellent answers already.
But I attemp in a different , but VEDIC , ( as explained in Vedas) angle.
We have Shodashopachaara pooja (Sixteen steps in pooja).
Then we have PANCHOPACHAARA POOJA.
Then EKOPACHAARA POOJA.
In Panchopachaara pooja , the Five steps represent five gnaneyndriya powes that eswara Gave us.
They are EYES, EARS, NOSE, TONGUE and SKIN.
The Order is NOSE, EYES, SKIN, NAIVEYDYAM AND FLOWER OFFERING.
IN PRACTICE it is, nose, eyes , skin, flower offering and naiveydyam.
That is Dhoopa, Deepa, Gandham, Flower offering and Naiveydyam.
These represent NOSE, EYES, SKIN, EARS AND TONGUE.
SO FLOWERS REPRESENT '' SOUND OR SHABDAM'' AND REPRESENT EARS. HOW?
THIS IS THE QUESTION I PUT TWICE AND ANSWEED IN DETAIL.
SO FLOWERS are offered not for Fragrance, as per Panchopachaara Vidhi.It represents that You are involving all the Gnaneyndriyams and the Flowets represent EARS.
That is why we offer FLOWERS,
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- Anonymous10 years ago
Flowers are the most beautiful way to express one's feelings, their fragrance and colour brings a sense of freshness and beauty in the life of our loved ones. The gifts presented in the form of flowers are the best gifts ever given to someone. Though, flowers cannot be stored for life time, but gifts in the form of flowers are the most precious gift, memories of which always remain in the heart of the person forever. Flowers are mainly sent to the special ones, to mark the importance of the occasion. Birthdays, marriages, anniversaries, etc are the events on which we generally convey our good wishes through flowers. This is because, flowers connect directly to nature and by looking at them, one feels a sense of contentment and compassion in himself, which in turn leads to reduction of worries and anxiety.
Flowers constitute an important article of worship. The image in the sanctum is decorated with garlands flowers and with unstrung flowers. The flowers are offered to the deity at in worship. Flowers gladden the heart and mind; and confer prosperity. Flowers offered with devotion gratify the Lord. The devotees who visit the Gurudwara also offer flowers as token of love and devotion.
Flowers Used in Poojas
Generally, flowers with strong odor are not used. Similarly, flowers without fragrance are also not used. Flowers that are not fully blossomed are not used. Mutilated and flowers eaten by insects are avoided. Flowers grown in a garden is considered apt for puja. Flowers collected from forest are also used.
Flowers used in a Hindu puja are classified into Sattva, Rajas and Tamas. The classification is based on their color, fragrance, shape and origin. Sattva and Rajas flowers are used in daily worship. Tamas flowers are avoided and some are used during festivals.
Flowers like Arka, Nandyavartham, drona, white lotus, jasmine, coral tree flowers etc are considered as Sattva flowers. The Rajas flowers include Red lotus, trumpet flowers, white thorn apple flowers etc. The Tamas flowers include ketaki, China rose, cotton plant, Kasa grass etc.
- 6 years ago
I wish my Hindu neighbors wouldn't strip all the flowers from the HOA garden. It would be nice if they would leave the flowers for others to enjoy instead of taking what others have worked so hard to grow.
- Jai Shri KrishnaLv 410 years ago
(1)No flower is rejected by Lord. That means all flowers are suitable to Him
(2)They are His creation. They are His. He is father and Mother of all, including
the flowers. Can you disown some thing of your OWN.
(3) Each flower has a God'spurpose for it. Are we able to qualify or disqualify Lord's creation?
(4) When we offer flowers - we are only carrying them nearer to His lotus feet and
probably decorating His presence in front of us. This has a service point - " we
liked this some thing near His lotus feet, that will also please others "
(5)When we carry them with our folded hands - here come the events - we choose,
pick, make them in shapes and garlands, and place before Lord
(6) Next day put them back to mother earth and offer a fresh set of flowers.
(7) In the process we choose the one's we like best, with highest level devotion. When we choose as
per our senses and knowledge, we might make mistakes in identifying.
(8) Pick the flowers that are beautiful, better smelling, more soft, colourful, matching,
small and big as we perceive them limiting to our senses and thinking.
(9) What we like, will Lord Ranganatha Like? is a billion dollar question.
(10) I do not intend to confuse or leave you without a satifying answer. Now look at some
terms widely used - Lord's Lotus feet, Tulasi maalai, Vaijayanthi maalai and
similar. They have references from scriptures and Vedas. They put the flowers
TULASI-LOTUS on top of the list. As per nice smelling SAMAPGI (yellow with
dominant smell), MALLI (jasmine), Rose are offerred. Colourful - Mandaaram (Red
and big with 5 petals), Garuda vardan (Whitish yellow), Other white or yellow
colored flowers are preffered.
PERIAAZHWAR lists a set of FLOWERS in PERIAAZHVAR THIRUMOZHI 2-7 :AANIRAI MEIKKA---------SENBAGA POO, MALLIKAI POO ,PATHIRI POO, MARUVU & DAVANAM SPRIGS,SENGAZHENEER[fresh water lotus],punnai poo, kurukathi poo,iruvatchi poo,karumugai poo--pl refer the PAASURAMS----------- EDU--36000 PADI for THIRUVOIMOZHI PAASURAM 1-6
ARIVATHIL EESANAI PAADI-----------THE VYAKYANAM--ALL FLOWERS CAN BE USED EXCEPT FLOWERS WITH THORN --since it hurts the fingers of THIRUMAL ADIYAR while plucking----- BUT THULASI MAALAI is the most important since most of the AAZHWARS HAVE IDENTIFIED LORD VISHNU WITH THUZHAI[THULASI]
from Vatsya Varadhacharya's treatise on Prapannamrutham.
Ahimsa Prathamam Pushpam (Non-violence)
Pushpam Indriya Nigraha (Sense-control)
Sarvabhuta Daya Pushpam (Compassion to fellow beings)
Kshama Pushpam Visheshathaha (Patience)
Jnanam Pushpam (Right knowledge)
Tapaf Pushpam (Penance)
Shanthi Pushpam Thathaiva cha (Inner peace)
Satyam Ashtavidham Pushpoho (Truth)
Vishnoho Preetikaram Bhavet
- 10 years ago
Let me answer your question thru Periyazhwarthirumozhi decad 2.7
YasOdhA invited KrishNA to stay still so that she can enjoy decorating her Lord's shiny black hair with many kinds of fresh flowers. In decad 2.7 known as pUcchUttal, PeriyAzhwAr transforms himself into the fortunate mother, YasOdhA, and enjoys the experience of touching the silky hair of the Lord and decorating it with Jasmine, red lilly, Hibiscus and other beautiful flowers.
Periyazhwar dealing with 10 types of flowers flowering in different time of the day and night.......
To enjoy those delightful pasurams click here http://www.ramanuja.org/sv/bhakti/archives/dec97/0...
This decad is in nithyaanusandanam for Srivaishnavas during poochaathal
Azhwars pushpa kainkaryam in Srivilliputur
Great scholars, BhaktAs, pundits migrated from putthoor to Srivilliputhur, the holy place and started residing in this place. One of them was Mukunda Bhattar and he was a VaishNava GnAni and his wife was Padmavalli, a GuNavathi and a perfect match for Mukunda Bhattar. Both of them were parama bhaktAs of VadabhatrasAyee. On an auspicious day they were blessed with a male child and they named the child as VishNu chittar; means the one who thinks of VishNu always in his mind. The kid lived upto his name fully and always was contemplating on ways and means to achieve the Lord's DayA. He did not wish to spend and waste his time on education (vEdAs and SasthrAs) and concentrated only on praising the Lord. (PoiginRa Gnanamum pollA ozhkkamum... ).
He knew that when Lord KrishNa appeared he had a liking for wearing Garlands made from variety of flowers. He chose that kainkaryam to pluck flowers in the early morning and make an excellent garland out of it to adorn the idol of Sri VadabhatrasAyee. He even sold some of his property and bought a small place near his home (and the temple) and converted that into a beautiful Nandavanam (a Garden). He grew all kinds of creepers and plants for various flowers and the Holy Thulasi..............
For rest of the story click here http://sriramanujar.tripod.com/periya.html
- SHIVALv 710 years ago
Flower are the symbol of goodness inside us which we offer to God.Source(s): bn
- Anonymous10 years ago
Flowers represent love and freshness of life.Source(s): http://rudeofallreligion.com/