Hindus: A doubt on Sankalpam made before performing poojas/ceremonies. What is "Bharata Varushe;Bharata Kande"?
Before performing any pooja/ceremony, in the Sankalpam it is being "CHANTED" as "Mamo paakta, durita....................Bharata Varushe;bharata khante, mero parshvae, ....etc
What is the meaning of these lines???
- odampullyLv 610 years agoFavourite answer
It is only a description of the place where we are. But without knowing the meaning, people (Hindus) staying in America also say the same mantra. It should be like this ....Amerika varshe, US khande....meroh uthare(not dakshine) parshwe sakabde shashti samvalsaranaam madye.....nama samvalsre......". Thanks for asking.
- 10 years ago
Our ancient Maharshis with their Ritambara Pragna in Deep Dhaanam , could see wht normal humans with their physical eye can not.
So they could see the planet earth in the universe , the Bhartah varsha , and Bharata Kanda etc.
They found out that the eart is Mainly composed of '' The world is considered as having seven dweepas (islands)-Kusha, Shalmali, Plaksha, Jambu, Krauncha, Saaka, Pushkara.
Jamboodweepa is at the centre. Mountain Sumeru is at the centre of Jambudweepa. To the south of Meru(Meru here refers to an etheric mountain wherein resides and walk great saints and sages including Tripura Sundari) is Bharatha Varsha the land ruled by Bharatha,present India is Bharatha-khanda. ''
The Present day India is a small part of that land Called Bharatha Varsham.If you could obtain and see the map of those days , the present day Afghanistan, Pakistan, Egypt, Indonesia, Nepal, a part of china and many more surrounding countries were then in Bharata varsha..( Now you can observe many Hindu temples and Hindu gods idols in those countries)
Mainly , Why we recite the SANKALPAM before doing pooja?
Please Kindly SLOWLY READ EACH WORD AND THINK ABOUT IT.
It is called Desha KAALA Sankeertanam.
Who is doing, where he is doing, why he is dong this pooja, how he is doing the pooja etc are explained in this.
Duraitam ( Our Paapa and punya Raasi) Kshayam ( to nullify ) , with the Grace or ORDER (AAGNA) of Maha Vishnu, we do saying this Sankalapam.
We tell our Gotra naamam, our namam and for Parameswara preetyartham , Dharma artha , kaama Moksha sidyartham, Dharma patnee sameytasya, sambhavidbhihi dravayai ...Yadhaa Shakti poojam kariyaey.
The manin PURPOSE OF THE SANKALPAM IS NOT TO SUBMIT OURDESIRES OR WANTS TO GOD.
But you follow the sankalpam...Bharata Varshyey( it is a big part), Bharata Kanadey( a part of the earlier said varsham), Even in this there is Meru Parvatam, and Meror Dakshina Dikbhaagey ( in the south region of Meru) , Sreesailasya ( or qanother Kshetram) agneyasya pradeshey, Krishna Kaveriormadhyey, Vasati gruhey or swagruhey , Paajam karishey.
What did you observe in THIS.
YOU carefully observe; It shows The plave where we sit and do pooja is infiniteky small by Comparing STEP BY STEP TO A LARGER ONE TO A SMALLER ONE AND FURTHRT ANOTHER SMALLER ONE ETC ETC.
This shall Make us NOT THINK THAT OUR HOUSE IS SO BIG, AND OUR LIVING VILLAGE OR TOWN IS NOT BIG ENOUGH TO TALK EVEN.
This shall make you feel that HOW small we are compared to Bharata Varsha, then compared to Universe we are INSIGNIFICANT.
There is NOTHING TO FEEL EGOISM OR AHANKAARAM
Similarly the first part that tells about TIME gradually reveals , how many kalpas have gone, how many yugas have gone, how many brahmas have gone and in what moment the COSMIC time we are praying.
Compared to the GREATEST COSMIC TIMES OUR LIFESPAN IS SO SMALL AND INSIGNIFICANT.
But INSITE OF THIS GOD HAS BEEN SO MERCIFUL, THAT HE GAVE US A MIND TO UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE VISWAM IF WE FOLLOW PROPER SAADHANA.
The Sankalpam is Mainly to make OUR EGO VANISH and make US FEEL HUMBLE and LOVE ALL.
I wanted to say so much, but extempore I am typing.Any other time we will discuss about Mahaa Sankalpam and Sankalpam.
Hope this is useful to you.
- Anonymous10 years ago
Several meanings are possible:
2. Indian subcontinent
3. Area extending from Tajikistan and mangolia to Indonesia, and of course India.
4. Bhaa + Rat = light/illumination + engaged in --> one who is always engaged in illuminating (that is, the light wave, so bharat varsha would be falling down of light on matter and bharat khanda would be the various bands in the visible spectrum)
5. Bhaarat = Descendant of Bharat the great emperor, and the territory which was under his rule.
6. Bhaarat = that which has mass or that which carried mass - again a light wave.
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- ?Lv 710 years ago
an excellent question
look forward for the answers of the learned members
edit: sir ., is it meroh parswe or meroh dakshina digbhage??
as because of the reason, we stay in southern side of meru parwatha ( meru parwatha is the the present vindhya hills)
the Hindu Cosmic cycle details.
1 Mahayuga = Sum of 4 Yugas (Krita, Treta, Dwapara and Kali) = 4,320,000 years. 1000 such mahayugas comprise a day-time of Brahma also known as a Kalpa. The kalpa is ruled by 14 manus in succession. The reigning period of a manu is one manvantara which is 71.42 mahayugas. There is an equivalent night-time of 4,320,000,000 years. The day-night of Brahma together constitutes one Brahma day (8.64 billion years). 360 Brahma days constitute a Brahma year while 360 years represent the lifetime of Brahma which is the life of the cosmos. Doing this simple maths gives the age of the cosmos to be 311 trillion years. Carl Sagan, the noted scientist says in relation to this, ""The Hindu religion is the only one of the world's great faiths dedicated to the idea that the Cosmos itself undergoes an immense, indeed an infinite, number of deaths and rebirths. It is the only religion in which the time scales correspond, to those of modern scientific cosmology. Its cycles run from our ordinary day and night to a day and night of Brahma, 8.64 billion years long. Longer than the age of the Earth or the Sun and about half the time since the Big Bang. And there are much longer time scales still."
We are presently in the Sveta-Varaha kalpa in the reigning period of Vaivaswatha - the 7th manu. In this manvantara we are in the 28th mahayuga. As per our Cosmology, Brahma is supposed to have completed 50 Brahma years and is in his 51st year. That is why he is called "Parardha-dvaya-jivin" (ie) he lives for two parardhas. A parardha is half. Two halves make one. He is called so as he has completed one half of his tenure. These terminology makes better sense in relation to the Sankalpa.
The actual Sankalpa mantra and its meaning runs like this
".... dviteeya parardhe - in the 2nd half of Brhama's life
Svetavaraha kalpe - in the kalpa of Sveta-Varaha
Vaivaswatha manvantare - in the reining period of the current manu Vaivaswatha
Ashta Vimsati tame - in the 28th mahayuga of the current manavantara
Kaliyuge - in this kali yuga
Prathame Padhe - in the first quarter of this yuga
Jamboodveepe - this denotes the place where the ritual is performed. India was known as Jambudveepa
Bharata Varshe, Bharata Kande - in the land of Bharat
Sakhabde Mero, Dakshine dikbhage - to the South of the Meru mountain
Asmin Varthamane Vyavaharike - in the current period now reigning
Prabhavadi Shasti Samvatsaranam Madya - among the cycle of 60 years starting from Prabhava
Nama Samvatsare - the name of the year in the 60 year Hindu calendar
....Ayane - Dakshinayane (Aadi to Marghazi) or Uttarayane (Thai to Aani)
....Ritou - denotes the 6 seasons or Ritus - Vasantha, Greeshma, Varsha, Sharadh, Hemantha and Shishira
....Mase - one of the 12 months
....Pakshe - either Shukla Paksham (day after Amavasya till and including Pournami) or Krishna Paksham (day after Pournami till and including Amavasya)
....Subha Thithou - one of the 15 days between Pournami and Amavasya (Prathama, Dvithiya, Trithiya, Chaturthi, Panchami, Shasti, Saptami, Ashtami, Navami, Dasami, Ekadasi, Dwadashi, Trayodasi, Chaturdasi, Pournami or Amavasya
....Vasara Yuktayam - one of the days of the week (Bhanu, Soma, Bhowma, Soumya, Guru, Brugu and Sthira)
....Nakshatra Yuktayam - the day's star or Nakshatram.
After saying the above the name of the ritual is said.
- Anonymous10 years ago
BHARATA VARSHA means entire Asian countries including Iran, Irag, Afghanistan,TIBET, bURMA, sRILANKA, iNDONESIA, mALAYSIA, jAWA AND sUMATRA, BALI, VIETNAMS, THAILAND, bURMA ETC. YOU KNOW THE AREAS OF MALAYSIA,INDONESIA, VIETNAM,ALL THOSE PLACES ARE CALLED SRIVIJAYAM IN NCIENT INDIA.. BHARATA KANDE IDHASHINAPADE, SATAPTE IT GOESON IN THE SANKALP. THERE IS A RIVER FLOWIN IN KERALA CALLED BHARATHA PUZHA. THIS RIVER AND ITS BANKS ARECALLED BHARATHA KANDE IF THE WORDS DHASHINAYANE IS USED. OTHER WISE WHOLE OF INDIA,PAKISTAN BANGLADESH, TIBET ARE INCLUDEDIN BHARATVARSHE.
- 10 years ago
Bharatavarsha refers to the whole of modern India and many other countries which did not exist then. Emperor Bharat was one of the few emperors to rule all of former India or Bharata, which was much bigger than modern India.
1) Bharata Varushe, Bharata Kande:
(i) The Vishnu Puranam accounts the extent of Bharatavarsham,
"उत्तरं यत्समुद्रस्य हिमाद्रेश्चैव दक्षिणम् ।
वर्षं तद् भारतं नाम भारती यत्र संततिः ।।"
'uttaram yatsamudrasya himadrescaiva daksinam
varsam tadbharatam nama bharati yatra santatih'
"The country (varsam) that lies north of the ocean and south of the snowy mountains is called Bharatam; there dwell the descendants of Bharata."
Bharatakandam is the region which is contained in Bharatavarsha, comprising modern South Asia.
In the Hindu prayer invocations (Sankalpam), the normal order of geography is
Bharatavarshe (Akhanda Bharatam), Bharatakhande (Bharatam),...
(In Bharatavarsha, in Bharatakantha and so on)
(ii) Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam, meaning:
According to some Puranas, the term Bharatvarsha applies to planet Earth and not to India.
वसुधा, vasudhaa ( f.) means Earth.
'Vasudha' refers to the Earth or to the entire Creation, meaning the vast cosmos. 'Eva' means “certainly” or “verily.” 'Kutumbam' means a family or blood relations, and kutumbakam technically means a little family. So here the Vedic sages are saying that the entire world is truly just one family. The world is like a small, tightly knit, nuclear family.
2) Rig Veda, Book 3, Hyme 53, Verse 12:
"य इमे रोदसी उभे अहमिन्द्रमतुष्टवम |
विश्वामित्रस्यरक्षति बरह्मेदं भारतं जनम ||"
'ya ime rodasi ubhe ahamindramatustavam |
visvamitrasyaraksati brahmedaṃ BHARATAM janam ||'
'Praises to Indra have I sung, sustainer of this earth and heaven. This prayer of Visvamitra keeps secure the race of Bharatas.'
3) Srimad Bhagavatam, Book 5, Chapter 20, Verses 2 to 29:
There are 7 concentric dvips of varying sizes and surrounded by various types of oceans.
(yojan is the size of 4 gaau, and 1 gaau is 2 miles (thus 1 yojan is 8 miles).
(i) Jambu-dvip (the central dvip) with 100,000 yojan at the centre. It is surrounded by salt-water ocean of 100,000 yojan.
(ii) Next surrounded by serial one is Plaksh-dvip with 200,000 yojan. It is surrounded by ikshu or sugarcane juice ocean of 200, 000 yojan.
(iii) Shaalmali-dvip is next with 400,000 yojan wide. This is encircled by the Like suraa or alcohol ocean with 400,000 yijana.
(iv) Kush-dvip is the next one with800,000 yojan. Beyond this Like ghrut or ghee (melted butter) ocean with 800,000 yojan wide.
(v) Next encircled is Kraunch-dvipwith 1,600,000 yojan and beyond this is Like KSHEER or MILK OCEAN with 1,600,000 yojan wide.
(vi) Shaak-dvip is next with 3,200,000 yojan and further with Like dadhi-mandod or yogurt ocean with 3,200,000 yojan.
(vii) Pushkar-dvip is the last one with 6,400,000 yojan and surrounded with a ocean of Water sweet as sudhaa or amrut (nectar) of 6,400,000 yojan wide.
4) Sangalpam in India and abroad:
(i) In India, the locale part of the Sankalpa would be as follows :
Jambudveepe In the isle of the rose apple
Bharata Varshe In the region called Bharata Varsha
Bharatah Khande In the continent of Bharata etc.
(ii) In U.S.A, SOME PEOPLE adopt the same as follows:-
Krouncha Dweepe In the island called Krouncha
Ramanaka Varshe In the region called Ramanaka Varsha
Aindra Khande In the continent called Aindra
Prasantha Saagare*: Near the Pacific Ocean
Pushkara Kshetre* In the locale known as Pushkara
Rocky - mickelny Parvatayor Madhye*
Between the mountains of Rockey and Mickelny
Misissipi- Missouri Ityadhi Aneka Shodasa Jeeva Nadeenam sameepa stite :
the place that is surrounded by such perenniel rivers like Mississipi , Missouri and 16 other rivers
This does not seem necessary because the whole Bhoo lokam (of which USA is only a part) lies South to the legendary Meru mountain, the Sankalpam as mentioned for INDIA would hold good to all places on earth!Source(s): http://satyameva-jayate.org/2006/05/27/hindu-india... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emperor_Bharata http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rvsan/rv03053.htm http://srimadbhagavatam.com/5/20/en http://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=201... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bh%C4%81ratas http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/rv03053.ht... http://www.askagent.com/ar/home.cfm?r=va&qid=14391...
- Anonymous10 years ago
It means " IN INDIA''.
- Anonymous4 years ago
Thanks for the answers!