What is the name of fuel used in aeroplane?
- 10 years agoFavourite answer
What a spread of answers.
Turbine powered aircraft (including jets, turboprops, and many helicopters) use jet fuel. It is a heavy fuel like kerosene. Jet A is the heavy grade and Jet A1 is heavy grade with an antiice additive and is the most common. Jet B is a wide cut grade (kerosene mixed with gasoline) and is used mostly in helicopters, although turbne engines can burn virtually anything, including gasoline.
Reciprocating aircraft engines use Avgas (a type of gasoline). It used to be available in a variety of types: 80/87 (Red dyed), 100 (Green Dyed) and 130 (Purple). These all had high lead additives. 100LL (Blue) is a low lead Avgas that is the most popular for aircraft piston engines. Mogas (auto gas) can also be used on homebuilt and ultralight aircraft and can be used in certified aircraft with approval and correct modifications to the engine and fuel system.
Diesel engines are making a comeback. The Diamond DA-42 is a light twin engines aircraft that can be ordered with diesel engines, but will run mostly on Jet A1 or Jet B since it is more readily available at airports.
Methanol is only used mixed with water for boosting power of some turbine engines. It is NEVER used in aircraft reciprocating engines.
- 10 years ago
Some people said jet fuel, some said kerosene, some said parafin (?) I think?, any way the fuel used depends on the engine of the aeroplane ( remember Monty Python " Oh an aeroplane" ) . Jet engines are turbine engines and have external combustion. They are actually capable of using almost any kind of combustable fuel, however not all are safe and kerosene or diesel type fuels are the safest also known as JetA or JP4. The turbine engine is basically a shaft which spins by air passing turbine or fan type blades ( intake) the air then is compressed by more blades and burned with fuel and an ignition source ( igniters) the resulting combustion ( explosion ) is forced across more turbine blades at the back or exhaust end of the engine causing the shaft to continue it's spinning so it will no longer need a starter to spin the intake blades ( thereby continuing to run ) and
the exhaust causes the jet to move forward ( with every action there is an equal and opposite re-action). THE OTHER type of "AEROPLANE" engine is a piston engine or internal combustion (I'm sure there are electric motors that would count as a category but let's talk about the main ones). The piston engine uses gasoline or AVgas. The type an automobile would use but a higher octane. More like what a race car would use. The piston engine has a shaft that turns a propeller ( which is basically a mini wing or airfoil itself ) The shaft is connected to piston's inside of cylinders. A fuel air mixture is introduced into the cylinder by way of a valve, the valve closes and the piston moves up the cylinder compressing the air ,the piston moves because it is connected to the shaft by way of a cam ( look at the wheels move on an old steam locomotive), once the air is compressed aa spark plug ignites the fuel air mixture, the resulting explosion forces the piston down rotating the shaft and thus the propeller spins. another valve opens on the cylinder to allow the exhaust to escape but this time the exhaust is not used for propulsion. The spinning propeller being an airfoil produces lift and forces air back to the rear of the plane again with every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. The plane moves forward.Source(s): Me
- Anonymous10 years ago
Light GA aircraft use either Avgas grade 80, 100 or 100LL.
Turboprops and jets burn JET-A.
You might wanna know Grade 80 is dyed red 100 Green and 100LL Blue.
Jet A is colourless.
You might ask why Avgas? It dosent vaporized as much as your normal car fuel. This can be extreemly important in high altitudes.
One more think to note JET A is NOT Avgas. It's similar to kerosene. JET-B is for extremly cold climates because it has a lower freezing temp.Source(s): From a previous answer
- lana_sandsLv 710 years ago
It depends on the plane actually. Some use AV gas. Some use Jet A. Some use military fuels like Jp-4 or 8. There is no one answer.
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- PredatorLv 510 years ago
- 10 years ago
the fuel used in airplines is kéroséne in english "Kerozene" but in the airoports we don't ask kerozene we ask JET .The most commonly used fuels for commercial aviation are Jet A and Jet A-1 which are produced to a standardized international specification.tge jet a is used in USA because Freezing point is in −40 °C (−40 °F) but the jet a-1 is in −47 °C (−52.6 °F) ,by exemple in algeria we used het A-1 because in Algeria it is hot but in USA they used ! jet A because in the winter it's cold , in canada it's very cold so they used Jet B and in russia it's very very cold so they used TS 1 but there is the military kerozene ;JP-4 ,JP-5 ,JP-6.
1-there is the biofuel (50% kerozene+ 50 % soja)
2-the kerozene is the equivalent of diesel fuel in airplines but there is the equivalent of gazoline it's Avgaz L100 i's used in the piston aircrafts like Safir-43
if you do understand PLZ contact mein my mail email@example.com good luck
- IrrfyLv 510 years ago
Its called ATF (Aero Turbine fuel),its a mixture of kerosene and gasoline
Turbine powered aircraft (including jets, turboprops, and many helicopters) use jet fuel. It is a heavy fuel like kerosene. Jet A is the heavy grade and Jet A1 is heavy grade with an anti-ice additive and is the most common. Jet B is a wide cut grade (kerosene mixed with gasoline) and is used mostly in helicopters, although turbine engines can burn virtually anything, including gasoline.
- 4 years ago
jet b + kerosene
- Anonymous5 years ago
- 10 years ago
Kerosene might be the name you are looking for. It's main use is as a jet fuel.