Lv 6

Hinduism...What is the difference between a Yagna and Homa ?

Yagnam & Homam.

Is there any difference? What is the purpose of a conducting a Yagna or a Homa?

13 Answers

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago
    Favourite answer

    Good question. i will try my level best to answer this question. i will be happy if it gives you satisfaction. Now we will go to the answer.

    my answer: What is called Yagna?

    Yagya is in fact a combination of rituals recommended by Veda and Vedic Scriptures. These rituals include Hawan or Fire Sacrifice, Japa or Recite of a particular quantity of a Particular Mantra which is either from Veda or from a scripture derived from Veda. These Vedic Mantras are perfect in rhythm and therefore very effective in generating fast energies for the purpose that help targeted person to get healed or helped by nature. Yagya can be divided in 2 groups.

    i. Nishkaam Yagyas are very broad. For example, devotion or our regular prayers, agriculture and education all these are one or another kind of Yagyas.

    ii.Sakaam Yagya is to solve some problems and in need of divine help or to achieve something or to get fulfil some desires.

    Yagnas in Ancient Epics:

    Ramayana: Putrakameshti Yagna:Dasharatha was advised to do Putreshti Yagya for son.After Yagya Dashrath got 4 sons - Ram, Lakshman, Bharat & Shatrughna.

    Ram and Ravan both were doing Yagyas to win but finally Ram won. Remember, if both the parties have Yagyas, the winner is whose devotion or whose yagya is more powerful and who is on truth.

    Rama had performed aswamedha , the wandering horse was captured by his sons lava and kusa.

    Rajsuya Yagyas or Ashwamesh Yagyas were normally done by the kings. These were to prove, to establish and energize the kingdom.The son of King Parikshit - had done - Nagayagya- the Yagya where snakes were sacrificed. This yagya was neither for remedy, nor for devotion. It was for revenge because his father was biten by a snake. This yagya is overall criticized.A sacrifice performed by a monarch as a mark of his subduing all other kings is called Rajasuya yagna. Yudhishtra done Rajasooya yagna. In Mahabharata.Many chola kings are supposed to have performed this sacrifice. One of the sangam Cholas is called "Rajasuyam vetta perunarkilli"(perunarkilli who performed Rajasuya).Arjuna performed the Aswamedha Yaga, and the horse was captured by mayuradhwaja.

    What is called Homam?

    Homam is a fire ritual.In homam, divine presence is invoked into fire using specific procedures. Then materials are offered into fire, along with sacred chants (mantras). The offerings are supposed to reach gods. It is interesting to note that fire ritual is an ancient practice and several religions taught worshipping gods in fire.

    Hinduism teaches that Gods come into fire and receives the prayers of spiritual aspirants.Homam is basically the offering of intensive poojas to different GODS and GODDESS performed for a particular divinity by invoking Agni, the God of fire.Homam will be performed in one’s home or office in order to bring Success, Abundance, Peace, Prosperity in Life, remove blockage in the path of your success, stop getting loss in Business & Profession, bring Financial stability, protection from evil forces, speedy recovery from Illness and better education. Ganapati Homam, Navagraha Homam, Ayushya homam, and other shanti homams are normally performed by hindus.

    What is the differences between homam and Yagnam?

    Differences between Yagna and Homam: Though Homam comes under pancha maha yagna, the five great sacrifices, the homam is a relief of problems and for getting satisfaction and peaceful life.Yagna is a great grand homam done jointly for the welfare of people in general or to particular group of people in various families. Homam will take place on every hindu rituals like marriage,upanayanam,ayushya ritual,ear-boring function, but yagna will not be done for every hindu ritual. Now a days Yagnas are performed by a group of people for the welfare of all people and invited to join to get benefits.

    Thanks for the opportunity!!!

  • Anonymous
    5 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.


    Hinduism...What is the difference between a Yagna and Homa ?

    Yagnam & Homam.

    Is there any difference? What is the purpose of a conducting a Yagna or a Homa?

    Source(s): hinduism difference yagna homa: https://biturl.im/1Mfh8
  • rieck
    Lv 4
    4 years ago

    Yagna Meaning

  • 9 years ago

    Yagna - Sacrifice

    Homa - Ritual

  • What do you think of the answers? You can sign in to give your opinion on the answer.
  • 9 years ago

    Yagna can be of many types as described by lord in Gita

    Homa is offring Aahuti in Agni with specific things to specific deity with prayer for welfare.

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    A Homam is a ritual where offerings are made into a sacred fire. The root word of the Homam is ‘ha’ which means ‘offering’ or ‘sacrifice’ in Sanskrit. In northern regions of India it is called havan and in southern India it is called homam, but the meaning and the procedure is same everywhere. Homam is performed in almost every significant event or ceremony of a Hindu household life. It is an important religious and spiritual practice among Hindus. There are different kinds of homam depending on the purpose and the presiding deity of the homam.

    Agnidev or fire god. Then herbs, twigs, fruits, grains and ghee are offered into fire chanting the appropriate mantras. The smoke that comes out of the fire is spread far and wide. This purifies the atmosphere. At the end everyone circumambulate the fire and offer obeisance. The dust of burnt ashes is applied on the forehead. Now-a-days homam is not seen just as some ritual. It is seen in scientific perspective. In science of consciousness homam are seen as powerful tools to tune the consciousness of the performer to Supreme consciousness. In the presence of fire the energy fields of one’s body called kundalini are enlightened and nourished.

    Yagam is called Yagnam. In Hinduism, Yagya is a ritual of sacrifice derived from the practice of Vedic times. It is performed to please the gods or to attain certain wishes. An essential element is the sacrificial fire - the divine Agni - into which oblations are poured, as everything that is offered into the fire is believed to reach the gods. As the name of the service, the term yagya is linguistically cognate with Zoroastrian (Ahura) Yasna. Unlike Vedic Yajna, Zoroastrian Yasna has "to do with water rather than fire" (Drower, 1944:78; Boyce, 1975:147-191).

    A typical Hindu marriage is a yagya, because Agni is supposed to be the witness of all marriages. Brahmins and certain other castes receive a yagyopavita "sacred cord" at their upanayana rite of passage. The yagyopavita symbolizes the right of the individual to study the Vedas and to carry out yagyas or homas.

    There are 400 yagyas described in the Vedas. Of these, 21 are deemed compulsory for the Twice-Born (Dvijas: Brahmin, Ksatriya and Vaisya). They are also called nityakarmas. The rest of the yagyas are optional, which are performed kamyakarma (for particular wishes and benefits). The Aupasana is not part of the above list, but is also compulsory .Out of the 21 nityakarmas, only the Agnihotra and the Aupasana are to be performed twice daily, at dawn and dusk. The remaining ones have certain allotted frequencies over the course of the year. The more complicated the yagya, the less frequently it is performed.

    The most complex ones need to be performed only once in a lifetime. The first seven yagyas are called pākayagyas "cooked sacrifice", the second seven haviryagyas "oblation, burnt offering", and the third seven are called somayagyas "Soma sacrifice".Seven are paka Yajñas (aṣtaka, sthālipāka, parvana, srāvaṇi, āgrahayani, caitri and āsvīyuji). They involve consecrating cooked items.

    Seven are Soma Yajñas (agnistoma, atyagnistoma, uktya, shodasi, vājapeya, atirātra and aptoryama). The yāgā that involves the extraction, utility and consumption of Soma (in the general sense nectar, but extract of a particular tree specifically) is called a Soma Yajña. Others are usually referred to as haviryañnas.Seven are Havir Yajñas (agniyādhāna, agni hotra, Darśa-Pūrṇamāsa, āgrayana, cāturmāsya, niruudha paśu bandha, sautrāmaṇi). They involve offering havis.

    Five are the panca mahā Yajñās.Four are Vedavratas, which are done during Vedic education.

    Remaining sixteen are one-time samskāras that are done at different stages in life. They are garbhādhānā, pumsavana, sīmanta,jātakarma,nāmakaraṇa,annaprāśana… upanayana,keshanta, snātaka and vivāha,nisheka,antyeshti.

    These are specified by the gṛhya sūtrās.Some gṛhya sūtrās like Vaikhanasa prescribe 2 more samskaras like Vishnu bali and Pravasagamana/Pindavardhana.

    Yagyas such as Putrakameshti (for begetting sons), Ashvamedha (to rule), Rajasuya (royal consecration) etc. are among the 400 which are not compulsory.




  • 1) Yagna and Homa:

    Main Difference:

    The difference is only in the offering.

    Yagna offerings are cooked items ( Paka Yajnas), extract of a particular tree (Soma Yagna), havis (Havir Yagnas) and like.

    Post-Vedic Yagnas, where milk products, fruits, flowers, cloth and money are offered, are called homa or havanam.

    2) Purpose:

    (i) Yagnas:

    There are many yajnas described in the Vedas. Of these, 21 are deemed compulsory for the Twice-Born.

    The Agnihotra and the Aupasana are to be performed twice daily, at dawn and dusk. The remaining ones have certain allotted frequencies over the course of the year.

    Seven are Paka Yagnas (astaka, parvana, etc.)

    Seven are Soma Yagnas (agnistoma, shodasi, etc.)

    Seven are Havir Yagnas ( agni hotra, Darsa-Purnamasa, agrayana, caturmasya etc.)

    Five are the Panca Maha Yagnas ( bootha Yagna, Manushya Yagna, Pitru yagna, Deva Yagna and brahma Yagna).

    Four are Veda Vratas, which are done during Vedic education.

    Forty Samskaras.

    (Yagnas like Rajasuya, (royal consecration), Vajapeya (chariot race) and Ashvamedha (horse sacrifice) were for kings only.)

    (ii) Homam;

    Homam is done for Kamya Phala now a days. Each homam has a specific wish for fulfillment.

    Homam (also called havan) is a religious ritual performed by Hindus to invoke the blessings of specific Gods and Godesses. It begins with the Karta (devotee) invoking Agni (God of fire) and inviting him to carry the dravya (offerings into the fire) to the concerned deity. The Gods, pleased with the offerings grant the wishes of the devotees in the form of benefits likelongevity, success in business, good health, prosperity, progeny etc.

    Few homams are given for illustration.

    Ganapathi Homam Dedicated to Lord Ganesh, during Grahaprevesam, to improve family bondage, to win over enemies, to overcome disease and to achieve a planned objective without any hindrance.

    Navagraha Homam is to overcome the ill aspects Gochjara Navagraha planets.

    Maha Lakshmi Homam is for wealth.

    Maha Mruthyunjaya Homam Dedicated to Lord Shiva to avoid untimely death.

    Santhana Gopala Homam is for progeny.

    Ayushya Homam Dedicated to the Life God to enhance longevity.

    Maha sudarsana homam for Removal of all hurdles.

    3) Popular Yagna Quotes:

    (i) Vishnu Sahasranamam:

    "Yagno yagna pathiryagna yagnango yagna vahana".

    "Yagnabrith, yagnakrith yagnee, yagnabukh, yagna sadhana".

    (ii) Lalitha Sahasranamam:

    "Mahayaga kriya radhyayai namah"

    'yagna roopayai namah'

    'yagna karthrai namah'

    'yagna swaroopnyai'

    (iii) Purusha suktha:

    "yagnena yagnamayajanta devah thani dharmani prathamanyasam' -

    (i) Sree Rudram:

    " Ayur yagnena kalpantham, prano yagnena kalpantham, vak yagnena kalpantham, Atma yagnena kalpantham, yagno yagnena kalpantham"

  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    You really need to check out "The Depth Factor" meditation program, it's the best, it's been voted as the number 1 meditation program made so far. Here is their official web-site: http://www.thedepthfactor.net/

    It combines binaural beats and ancient meditation techniques to deliver the best meditation experience. This is perfect course for a beginner or an intermediate. Good luck!

  • neil s
    Lv 7
    9 years ago

    Homa is a specific type of ceremony. Any act can be yagya as long as it is in tune with Vedic standards.

  • 9 years ago

    Whatever be the present day definition, the Homam, Yagyam(Yagnam) or Yagam do have subtle Spiritual reasons and Vedic meaning and purpose are different from the understood purpose and meaning of today. The fundamental principle behind is that, that what can destroy can also create. Fire is a fundamental gross element or one among the first principles. It is usually seen by human beings as an instrument of destruction while the basic function of fire is purification, and bestowing life and prosperity. This attribute of Fire is usually not visible or seen by mundane senses.

    When we do Homa or Homam the focus usually in the present day is individual benefit and in Yagna or Yajna or Yaga it is collective benefit, whereas the fundamental reason for such rituals transcends all those mundane reasons. We should understand that the human beings are borne out of five gross first principles we call Panchmahabhootas (Five Gross spirits) the Ether(Eshwar, God or Soul within), the Air, The Fire, The Water and The Earth or Matter(material visible things which occupies space and have mass and weight). In the progress of the human Spirit which is the sentient being and fully composed of Ether which is not as pure as the cosmic consciousness from which it has source, have to return in journey to the Cosmic Consciousness or beyond. In order to do that the Soul must conquer the Earth, the Water, the Fire and the Air. The methods are through meditations, mantras, ablutions, and various other techniques and Spiritual Techology. Fasting is the first step in conquering the Earth. Food which we eat is the principle that represents the Earth for human beings. The water we drink is the Principle that represents the First Principle WATER.

    So, when we through Pranayama, meditation or Self control techniques with fasting and similar other techniques becomes successful in controlling all our five senses including the Mind which is an epiphenomena of these five senses, we can call that Yogin has controlled and conquered the Gross Element Earth.

    Similarly when we no more need to consume water for existing on Earth, and is capable of walking over the Water, we are considered as having conquered the First Gross Element Principle WATER. The Third one is the Fire. Here the importance of Homa and Yagya becomes important. The Yogin makes friendship with Fire. By the chanting of the Mantras and through ablutions used and by satisfying the personal dieties and the Ethereal Super Cosmic Consciousness, the inner fire of the human body is elevated to such an electrifying existence that it creates an energy halo around the being so much so that the fire cannot engulf, burn or destroy that sentient being and does act according to the wishes of that being. At this stage the fire is in complete control of the sentient yogin who commands the fire through the vibrations at par with that of the vibrating first principle within fire that Fire is at the command of the individual yogin performing and is able to extend its creating powers in producing matter and Material according to the Yogins wishes. This can manifest immediately in the fire itself or at later days of prosperity or as rain or as whatever the wish is. The Life force within the fire is fed with various substances that has high amount of ethereal presence in it that even the Third element fire is elevated to a status of Being in consonance with the Ethereal Cosmic Consciousness we call God. In other words it is important to understand that Fire is a Spirit. The Fire in its visible form is in liquid form and all Oils and Ghee etc are visible forms of Fire and these are the substances usually used in ablutions, including the spirit called Soma which is more Ether than Spirit.

    I can demonstrate with evidence of what I am speaking about in the following Link scientifically approached and demonstrated by the Fire Yogi.


    The next step in the spiritual path is the conquest of First Principle Air. When one do that he will be able to telekinense, he can levitate, he can walk in air or fly in air as great Hanuman did in Ramayana or other Mayavis of Mahabharatha used to perform Maya Warfares by flying in the air.

    Source(s): Unfortunately we find only the glympses of such ancient powers in the human beings which are very rare and therefore such people are considered chosen lot who is capable of transcending the shadadharas of the Cosmic Body. The rest are all defective seeds and bound to transmigrate for cycles and cycles eternally until the day of dissolution, which is like melting all iron rods to make a new steel plate or melting all pieces of gold to make one ornament, the dissolution of universe or earth with all contained would take place to form another set of living system to continue the larger design. The conquering of the Gross elements are well described in the Yoga Upanishads and I had quoted those specific lines before here in yahoo answers. just thoughts.
Still have questions? Get answers by asking now.