What are the main divya Astras mentioned in Hindu Puranams?

Astra, Presiding Deity, Weapon's Effect.

Examples:

Aindra astra:

Presiding Deity: Indra, the god of weather

Weapon's Effect: Would bring about a shower of arrows from the sky.

Agneya astra:

Presiding Deity: Agni, the god of fire

Weapon's Effect: The weapon discharged would emit flames inextinguishable through normal means.

Varuna astra:

Presiding Deity: Varuna, the god of water

Weapon's Effect: The weapon discharged would release torrential volumes of water. This weapon is commonly mentioned as used to counter the Agneyastra.

Brahmaastra:

Presiding Deity: Brahma, the Creator

Weapon's Effect: Would destroy entire hosts at once. Could also counter most other astras.

Brahmasirsha astra:

Presiding Deity: Brahma, the Creator

Weapon's Effect: Capable of killing devas. Was used by Ashwatthama on Parikshit.

Narayana astra:

Presiding Deity: Visnu, the Preserver

Weapon's Effect: Would create showers of arrows and discs. The astra's power would increase with the resistance offered to it. This weapon had to be obtained from Vishnu directly, and could be used only once.

Vaishnava astra:

Presiding Deity: Visnu, the Preserver

Weapon's Effect: Would destroy target completely, irrespective of target's nature. Infallible. This weapon had to be obtained from Vishnu directly.

Pashupata astra:

Presiding Deity: Shiva, the Destroyer

Weapon's Effect: Would destroy target completely, irrespective of target's nature. Infallible. This weapon had to be obtained from Shiva directly.

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    1) Astras from Ramayana:

    Valmiki Ramayana, Bala Kanda, Chapters 27 & 28:

    The chapter 27 lists out those missiles that are given to Rama and in next chapter an account of some counter-attack missiles, called upasamhaara astras those are given which can be used to nullify the enemy’s missiles.

    2) Main Astras from Ramayana and Mahabharata:

    Aindraastra (Deity, Indra, god of weather): This would bring about a 'shower' of arrows from the sky.

    Agneyastra (Agni, god of fire): The weapon discharged would emit flames inextinguishable through normal means.

    Varunaastra (Varuna, god of water): The weapon discharged would release torrential volumes of water. This weapon is commonly mentioned as used to counter the Agneyastra.

    Nagaastra (The Nagas): The weapon would have an inerring aim and take on the form of a snake, proving deadly upon impact.

    Nagapaasha (The Nagas): Upon impact, this weapon would bind the target in coils of living venomous snakes.(in the Ramayana, it was used against Lord Rama and Lakshmana by Indrajit)

    Vayvayaastra (Vayu, god of wind): This will bring about a gale capable of lifting armies off the ground.

    Suryastra (Surya, god of the sun): This will create a dazzling light that would dispel any darkness about.

    Vajra (Indra, god of weather): Target would be struck with bolts of lightning (vajra referring to Indra's thunderbolt).

    Mohini (Mohini, an avatar of Vishnu): This will dispel any form of maya or sorcery in the vicinity.

    Twashtar (Twashtri, the heavenly builder): When used against a group of opponents (such as an army), would cause them to mistake each other for enemies and fight each other.

    Sammohana/Pramohana: This would cause entire hosts/armies to collapse in a trance.

    Parvataastra: This would cause a Parvata/mountain to fall on the target from the skies.

    Brahmaastra (Brahma, the Creator) This would destroy entire hosts at once. Could also counter most other astras.

    Brahmasirsha (Brahma, the Creator): This is capable of killing devas. Was used by Ashwatthama on Parikshit. It is thought that the Brahmasirsha is the evolution of the Brahmastra.

    Narayanaastra (Vishnu, the Preserver) This would create showers of arrows and discs. The astra's power would increase with the resistance offered to it. This weapon had to be obtained from Vishnu directly, and could be used only once. If the user were to attempt invoking it a second time, it would rebound on him, and possibly, his troops.

    Vaishnavaastra (Vishnu, the Preserver) This would destroy target completely, irrespective of target's nature. Infallible. This weapon had to be obtained from Vishnu directly.

    Pashupatastra (Shiva, the Destroyer): This would destroy target completely, irrespective of target's nature. Infallible. This weapon had to be obtained from Shiva directly.

    3) Ahirbudhnya Samhita of the Panjcaratra Agama volume 1:

    A list of 104 Astras are given with explanations.

    (i) Brahmastram:

    "phantam vahnisamayuktam vyoma halasamanvitam |

    mesadvayam dantayutam halahalamatah param || 34-5 ||

    ghanadyam vayupurvam ca dantayuktamathantimam |

    sarasam carksaparyayam bhantam bhrgumatahh param || 34-6 ||

    ambaram vayusamyuktamarimardanamapyatah |

    pradIptamatha vaktavyam paramam ca padam tatah || 34-7 ||

    tatte pade prayoktavye gayatryaA madhyamam tatahH |

    padatrayam prayoktavyametad brahmastramIritam || 34-8 ||"

    “It contains air, fire and cosmic poison, two goat-like fangs, full of poison, weighty, emits air, contains mercury, fiery, sparkling, sky is filled with air, enemy killing greatly radiant and it is projected with three hymn, Gayatri at its centre, it is known as brahma-astra…”

    (ii) Kalacakram:

    "varunam mayaya yuktam vantam varunasamyutam |

    yupantam vahnina yuktam mo'tha sagnirathatriyuk || 34-11 ||

    dhantam kalatmanetyetaccakrayeti padam tatah |

    phadanta esa mantrastu kalacakrah prakIrtitah || 34-12 ||"

    “Renders a piteous state, with magical powers, ending in air, and water filled, ends in craters with fire, generates fire and and it is known as Time disc…”

    (iii) Vishnucakram:

    "tarapurvam ca hrdayam bhagadyantau vanadimah || 34-14 ||

    candIzayukta asadhastIvratejasa ityapi |

    paryayam laksasamkhyaya areti ca padam tatah || 34-15 ||

    paramatra prayoktavyam bhindhIti ca padam tatah |

    bhIsayetyapi vaktavyam visnucakramidam viduh || 34-16 ||"

    “It first sparkles …with cosmic holes…high degree radiance, with one lakh revolutions per foot, very panicking is its projection…”

  • Anonymous
    9 years ago

    u missed shiv danush

    Shiva Dhanush (Sanskrit: शिव धनुश), also known as Pinaka(Ajagav), in Hindu mythology, was the divine bow of Lord Shiva gifted to King Janaka by Sage Parashurama for safe-keeping while the sage performed penances. It was gifted to Parashurama by Shiva for being a great disciple.

    In earlier part of her life, Sita while playing with her sisters had unknowingly moved the table over which the "Shiva Dhanush" had been placed; which was something no one in the palace could do. This incident was however observed by King Janaka and he decided to make this incident as the backdrop for swayamvar.

    Later, Janaka had announced that whoever wanted to marry Sita had to do so only after lifting (which was itself a difficult job) the bow from its place and stringing it. The bow was broken by Lord Rama when he attempted to string the bow, during the swayamvar of King Janaka's daughter, Sita, whereby he won the hand of Sita in marriage. After the swayamvar, while Rama, Sita and Lakshmana were on their way to Ayodhya, Parashurama confronted and challenged Rama for breaking the bow. Dasharatha told Parashurama the incident which had happened in the palace. But Parashurama wouldn't control and brought Lord Vishnu's bow. He then asked Rama to string the bow and fight a duel with him.Rama respectfully bows to Parashurama, and within a twinkling of an eyelid snatches the bow of Vishnu, strings it, places an arrow and points it straight at the challenger's heart. Rama asks Parashurama what he will give as a target to the arrow in return for his life? At this point, Parashurama feels himself devoid of the tremendous mystical energy he possessed for so long. He realizes that Rama is Vishnu incarnate, his successor and definitely his superior. He accepts Rama's superiority, devotes his tapasya to him, pays homage to Rama and promises to return to his hermitage and leave the world of men.

    Rama then shoots the arrow up into the sky with Vishnu's bow, performing a feat true to his supreme, divine nature with his natural weapon. His overpowering of Parashurama and using the supreme weapon with incredible ease and perfection dazzle the spectators and his relatives, but no one save Parashurama and Vasishta associate this with his true identity. It is said that the Rama's arrow is still flying across space, across time and across all of the universe. The day it will return to earth, it is said, it will bring the end of the world. Others say that the flying arrow destroys all evil on earth to uphold dharma and righteousness.

    and

    Nagastra: The snake weapon, used by Karna against Arjuna in Kurukshetra war. It is considered as an irresistible weapon equal to the Brahmastra. It has a fame that it never misses its target.

    and

    Vasavi Shakti: The magical dart weapon of Indra, unfailing at executing its target. Indra granted it to Karna during the Kurukshetra war. The Mahabharata also refers to it as the Amoghastra.

    and also

    Vayavastra: The wind weapon, incepted by God Vayu, master of wind.

    Parjanya : This is a divine weapon by which a person can drink pure water of any river, lake,sea or ocean of the world according to his/her wish.

  • Friend,

    YA has not given that much space to give all the names SORRY.

    read SREE RAMAAYANA( OF VALMIKI) BAALA KAANDA.Viswamitra describes them.

  • 9 years ago

    In fact your knowledge about all these Astra is marvelous. I appreciate your attempt to give detail. Thanks!

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