Fatty liver means that there is a build up of fat inside the liver.
The liver is surrounded by a tight membrane capsule.
There is about 5% fat inside a healthy liver.
However, as fat build up inside the liver..it causing pressure
which can damage the liver cells.
When the liver cells become damaged, the immune system
of the body will respond to this damage and cause
inflammation to develop inside the liver, also.
This inflammation causes the liver to enlarge in size
and take on a spongy texture. It is then, no longer simple
fatty liver disease...it is called steatohepatitis.
What causes fatty liver disease: some of the known causes
are: alcohol consumption, certain kinds of medications,
obesity (weight gain), fast weight loss, malnourishment,
diabetes, insulin resistance, metabolic disorders,
high cholesterol/triglyceride levels and more.
What happens if the cause is not stopped or cannot
be stopped. The liver cells can die off and form
scar tissue inside the liver. The scar tissue starts
to recontruct the liver inside and this causes
the blockage of the flow of the blood in the liver.
This is Cirrhosis of the liver of which there is
no reversal of this disease and it progresses
either fast or slow until a person needs a liver
transplant in order to survive.
All liver patients are told, NO alcohol.
They should also be sure that their doctors knows
all medications (prescribed, non prescribed, and
prescribed by other doctors...this include herbs)
It really depends on what caused the fatty liver
in the first place...however, being one of the
causes of it...patients are usually told not to
consume alcohol and this may be a life long
change they may have to make.
caregiver to a liver transplant patient