Oddly enough, many (if not most) Republicans (or USA conservatives, if you will) feel no animus toward black people. They might not understand them or identify with them in any way. BUT they (most of them, anyway) don't see their hopes and goals being designed AGAINST black people. I know that sounds odd - but it's true.
Yes, there certainly are racists among the USA conservatives. You see at least one of them among the answerers here. (There are also racists aplenty among the USA liberals, btw.) But far, far more of the USA conservatives try to mentally side-step the entire subject of civil rights and "race" relations - and instead concern themselves with stuff like "How shall we balance the federal budget, and how shall we employ the one million high school grads each year who are only fit for factory or farm labor, and how shall we ensure crime and violence don't become more widespread, and how do we keep all our highways, dams, and utilities from falling apart, and how do we defend ourselves against foreign powers?" That's what they worry about - not "What can we do to deprive black people of rights and opportunities?"
Of course, their concerns DO often look like they are designed to do just that. Besides the fact that the problems facing poor people, religious minorities, and people of color are NOT among the things that USA conservatives worry about, it ALSO happens that many of the proposed answers to the the things they DO worry about do not bode well for the aforementioned groups. That's not their AIM, necessarily. But it's kinda in the "collateral damage" department.
So how it looks is not necessarily how they actually feel, or what they actually are interested in. I'm not trying to defend them - I frankly don't have a dog in that fight. But since you asked I thought you might like to get an actual explanation.