- Anonymous1 month agoFavourite answer
Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1914. While on a tour of Sarajevo, which was then part of the empire, he and his wife Sophie Chotek were assassinated. The assassin was part of a team who had attacked the imperial motorcade earlier in the day with a bomb. The Archduke was unhurt but decided to visit victims at the hospital after he had given his prepared remarks. His driver took a wrong turn down a dead end street and had to back up. As he was doing so, one of the assassination team, a man named Gavrilo Princip, was coming out of a cafe where he had stopped to have lunch after the failed assassination. He stepped forward and shot the Archduke and his wife.
The assassination set off a chain of events which lead to World War Two. The assassins were ethnic Serbs. At the time, Austria-Hungary was a multi ethnic state which contained lots of different nationalities, including Serbs. But there was also an independent Serbian state, as there is now. Serbian nationalists within the empire wanted the Serbian parts of the empire separated and joined to the country of Serbia. The assassins had targeted Franz Ferdinand in part because he was a reformer who wanted to give more autonomy to various ethnicities within the empire, something that they feared would tamp down on tensions and lessen a push for Serbs to leave the empire.
After the assassination, it was learned that the assassins were assisted by military authorities in Serbia. This set off a diplomatic confrontation with Serbia. The Austro-Hugarians presented the Serbs with a list of demands, one which were so extreme that many outside observers felt that it was being used a pretext for war. As the two sides geared up for a conflict their respective allies came in, widening the war. Russia came into the conflict on behalf of Serbia, a fellow Slavic state which they were allies with. On the other side, Germany came in on the side of its ally Austria-Hungary. The scope of the conflict widened even further because France and Russia had a mutual defense pact where if either were attacked the other would come to their aid. Germany knew this, of course, and their war plan called for them to carry out a preemptive strike on France to knock them out of the war quickly before turning to Russia. The final major piece of the war clicked into place when the Germans actually mobilized. Their war plan for France called for their military to make an attack on northern France which moved through Belgium. Britain was allied with Belgium and warned that any violation of Belgian territory would result in war.
- Sir CausticLv 71 month ago
It's amazing. Just one sniff of the term "Franz Ferdinand" seems to attract the most vapid of the answer-drones like flies round the proverbial. Fascinating.
- Anonymous1 month ago
Was he was Murdered and started a war that escalated into the Great war or WW1
- TinaLv 71 month ago
"Who WAS Franz Ferdinand?"
What is WRONG with you people? have you never been taught how to use the past tense?
No wonder so many YA novels are written in the present tense.
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- Anonymous1 month ago
Heir to the Austro-Hungarian empire - assassinated with his wife in Sarajevo in Serbia which sparked a retaliatory conflict between AH and Serbia, precipitating the First World War.
- Elaine MLv 71 month ago
Wikipedia isn't working? You are on the internet, use it.
- LaredoLv 71 month ago
On the 28th June 1914 Franz Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated and this led to the start of World War 1.
- MarliLv 71 month ago
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.
Why not check Wikipedia or type his name into your favorite internet search engine. A Google search takes seconds